Tendinitis is a term used in the medicine to name what happens when a tendon it boilts. Tendons, on the other hand, are fibrous-type structures whose most important function is none other than to link muscles with bones.
Tendonitis can occur for multiple reasons. The most frequent is continuous and excessive repetition of certain movements They are carried out without adopting the appropriate posture to avoid an excessive demand. In this way, the tendon begins to swell.
In the case of elderly people, tendonitis can appear from a loss of tendon elasticity and from aging that experience the fabrics. Certain diseases, such as diabetes and the arthritis, can also cause tendinitis.
Many people who practice sports they often suffer from tendonitis. It is common for tennis players, for example, to develop tendonitis in the shoulder by the movement they make when serving, or in the wrist of the hand with which they wield the racket.
The main symptom of tendonitis is pain in the tendon due to swelling. In some cases, the skin that is on the tendon acquires a reddish hue.
Once the tendonitis is detected, the doctor will indicate a treatment in order to reduce the swelling and eliminate the pain. It is generally recommended repose (to minimize the activity of the affected tendon) and perform exercises physiotherapy (with the aim of making the tendon stretch and relax). The professional can also prescribe anti-inflammatory.
It is very important to note that if a case of tendonitis does not heal properly, major problems can arise; inflammation should be addressed as soon as possible to avoid increasing the risks of ruptures and injury serious. Similarly, if the patient does not follow the doctors’ instructions, the symptoms may reappear.
With regard to the prevention of tendinitis, it is recommended that athletes warm up well before starting their practices, avoid any repetitive movements that overload the lower and upper trunk (even if it is not, alternating the series with moments of break), stay hydrated and work all muscle groups.
Types of tendinitis
Although it is correct to use the term tendinitis to encompass the series of alterations In tendons that present the characteristics mentioned so far, there is a classification that recognizes several types, among which are the following:
* rotator cuff: its main characteristic is that the capsule of the shoulder and the tendons that are related to this part of the body become inflamed;
* lateral epicondylitis: known in everyday speech as tennis elbow, since it is common in professionals of this sport. Simply put, it is a disorder that occurs because of tension continuous in the tendons and extensor muscles of the forearm, which begin precisely at the elbow;
* medial epicondylitis: as well as the previous one, this type of tendinitis has a name by which it is popularly known, and it is golfer’s elbow. It occurs when the wrist is flexed too strongly and repeatedly, as the tendons that attach to the elbow become inflamed;
* DeQuervain’s tenosynovitis: it focuses on the thumb, where it produces an inflammation of the tendon sheath of its tendons;
* finger in spring: inflammation and thickening is generated in the tendon sheath of a finger, which prevents its extension movements and flexion. One of its most striking symptoms is that the finger may suddenly become stuck or extended.