One of the best ways to start discovering a term is by finding out its etymological origin. Therefore, nothing better than to do it with the word tendon that derives from the Greek, specifically from “tenon”, which was used in two senses: to properly define what a tendon of the human body is and to refer to the top of a mountain. .
The idea of tendon It is used in the anatomy to name one fibrous structure which has a great resistance. Tendons, which are made up of fibers that are part of the connective tissues, are found in striated muscles.
Flat, cylindrical, or cord-shaped, tendons usually join muscles and bones, although they can also link muscles with other body structures. They generally allow the muscle to insert into the bone for the transmission of strength so that a movement.
It is important not to confuse tendons with ligaments. While tendons allow bones to move, ligaments are responsible for linking bones together to provide stability to the structure.
The strongest tendon of the human being is he Achilles tendon, also called calcaneal tendon. At about six inches in length, this tendon is located behind the ankle and reaches the middle of the leg. Its function is the union of the soleus muscle and the gastrocnemius with the calcaneus bone.
Lateral rotation and knee flexion, on the other hand, are made possible by the hamstring. This tendon relates the ischium to the fibula and the tibia.
When a tendon becomes inflamed, the disorder It is known as tendinitis. This inflammation, common in the Achilles tendon, causes pain: the tendon, by increasing its size, exerts pressure on the skin, which becomes inflamed. Tendonitis usually occurs when the person repeats movements without adopting a proper posture.
In addition to the aforementioned disease, there are others that also clearly affect the tendons. We are referring, for example, to the following:
-Tendon calcification, which usually affects the tendon of the shoulder on a regular basis. It results in the creation of calcium salt crystal deposits in that area.
-Tenosynovitis, which is identified by being the inflammation of the area that surrounds what are the tendons of the muscles, flexors and extensors, which are in the fingers and toes. It is detected because the person in question will see that they have these inflamed areas and because they feel pain. The usual causes of this condition are a bacterial infection or rheumatism, among others.
-Tennis elbow. On more than one occasion we have heard about this health problem that, as its name suggests, affects the elbow and generally affects those who practice the aforementioned racket sport. It is an inflammation of the tendons that join the aforementioned elbow with what is the set of muscles of the forearm.