Telgopor is the name by which it is known in Argentina to the expanded polystyrene. This same material acquires other names depending on the country: it can be found as technopor, styrofoam, isopor, hard for, polyfoam, polyspan, foam plast or White cork, to name a few possibilities.
Styrofoam is derived from polystyrene, a polymer that is obtained from styrene After his polymerization. It is a plastic-type material that absorbs impacts, resists humidity and does not undergo any decomposition process. The styrofoam, in this way, is not affected by microorganisms.
Thanks to these characteristics, styrofoam is used for different purposes. It is often used to protect products that can break in the event of a shock. TVs, computer monitors computers (computers) and telephones are usually accommodated between styrofoam sheets inside the boxes. In this way, if the box is dropped or hit, the Styrofoam reduces the risk of breakage for the product in question.
Because it does not decompose or is attacked by microorganisms, styrofoam is also used for the commercialization of fresh food. It is common that, in supermarkets and other stores, the meat and the fruits are placed in Styrofoam trays and then covered with a plastic film or a bag
For the production of Styrofoam, a polystyrene compound is used that has pentane beads or another substance that can expand. Polystyrene is molded with hot so that these small pearls increase their volume while the polystyrene is plasticized. The styrofoam finally takes the shape of the mold.
It is important to note that it is possible to reuse expanded polystyrene to make new sheets of the same material, or to recycle it and turn it into raw materials for different types of products. On the other hand, it can also be incinerated without risk, since it has a high calorific value and only produces carbon dioxide and water vapor emissions if the incineration is carried out efficiently. As mentioned above, Styrofoam is not biodegradable; put in a practical example, it is believed that a product of this material could withstand 1000 years without undergoing any change in its appearance.
As with many other words, such as “toothpaste” and “pastafrola,” not everyone knows how to pronounce “telgopor” correctly, but rather calls it “tergopol.” If it were a term typical of our language, we could study its etymology to justify the correct writing with Latin and Greek roots, but in this case we are facing a Mark commercial that, such as Gillette, in Argentina it came to be used as a common noun. In fact, it is an acronym that comes from the following three words: cloth from porous rubber.
Having said that, we can conclude that it is not correct to say “tergopol”. On the other hand, let’s see the origin of this brand. It was created by a company called Hulytego, which was dedicated to the manufacture and marketing of a large number of products, several of which had the prefix «telgo» in their name. In the particular case of styrofoam, there are those who claim that its last three letters correspond to «Styropor«, The brand of the raw material that Hulytego used to make expanded polystyrene.
Returning to the conjunction of the three words that gave rise to the brand name Styrofoam, it is important to note that expanded polystyrene is not a fabric; Rather, it is a type of rigid foam that is made from styrene. The latter, for its part, is a liquid until it passes through the process polymerization, so there are no traces in the elaboration of the styrofoam of any type of fabric.