The term tedeum arose from the Latin expression Te Deum, which translates as “To you, God”. Thus begins a anthem Catholic known, precisely, as “Te Deum”.
A liturgical hymn
It is called tedeum, therefore, when liturgical hymn that Catholics sing in the framework of the Thanksgiving. Today it is still part of the masses, generally integrating the Liturgy of the hours.
The tedeum is also chorea in the ordination of priests and in the ceremonies that are carried out to canonize someone. When a pope is elected, meanwhile, the tedeum is sung by the cardinals and then by the believers in the different cathedrals as thanks for the election of a new Supreme Pontiff.
Although there is more than one version of the Te Deum, one of them is the one that is used most frequently, and it is precisely the one that we will analyze below. The original text was written in Latin, but in this case we will take a look directly at its official Spanish translation. In the first stanza he expresses a feeling of praise to God, who recognizes him as the “eternal Father” and assures him that all creation venerates him.
He continues by affirming that there is no one who does not honor him, that the cherubim and seraphim continually sing a song of praise, exalting the “majesty” of his glory, which can be appreciated both in heaven and on earth. Everyone praises God, from the apostles to the martyrs, passing through the prophets. Underlines that Jesus is the “only true son”, who defends us and deserves our adoration, which is why the whole Church acclaims him.
The tedeum continues to praise Christ, accepting him once more as the “only Son”, as the “King of glory” and thanking him for having accepted his human form without any disdain for it. condition. He then goes on to speak of the Resurrection and the Ascension, after which he came to the Kingdom of Heaven and sat at the right hand of God. He anticipates the day when he will return to earth to judge us, and begs him to help us, speaking in the first person like the servants whom he redeemed with his blood.
At the end of the tedeum, the faithful ask the Lord to save them, guide them and bless them, assuring them that they bless him and praise his name every day, and that they will do so until eternity. They also beg him to protect them from sin and to have mercy on them, something we find in other prayers of the Christian liturgy. In closing, they ask you to mercy come upon them, just as they expect it, and they assure you that they will never, ever be disappointed by it.
According to tradition, the tedeum was composed of Saint Augustine of Hippo and Saint Ambrose of Milan on 387. When baptizing San Agustin, Saint Ambrose began to improvise the hymn inspired by the Holy Spirit, while San Agustin answered. However, some research maintains that tedeum was actually created by Aniceto from Remesiana at 4th century.
The notion of tedeum is also used to refer to the catholic celebration what is done at the end of the year or in tune with some national holiday. The tedeum is usually celebrated by the dad during the December 31st, for instance.
On Latin America, the tedeum is developed to give thanks during national holidays. That happens in Argentina, Dominican Republic, chili, Panama, Guatemala and Paraguay, among others countries.