The Greek word synaireîn, translatable as “Take together”, resulted in synairesis, which came to late Latin as synaerĕsis. In our language the idea arrived as syneresis.
In the field of metrics, syneresis consists of join adjacent vowels in the same syllable whose usual pronunciation is carried out in different syllables. It is a resource that is often used to adapt to the number of syllables that are needed in the construction of a verse.
With syneresis, the integration of the vowels of a hiatus in oneself syllable. Take the case of the word “paradise”. If we use the ordinary method to separate the term into syllables, we will obtain the following result: paradise (four syllables). By appealing to syneresis, instead, we could generate three syllables: paradise.
Let’s look at the case of “archaeologist”. This word esdrújula is separated as follows: archaeologist. By syneresis, on the contrary, the separation would be done like this: archaeologist.
In the field of chemistry, syneresis assumes separate the phases that are part of a mixture or a suspension. When in the milk they differ the Curd and the serum, for example, syneresis has already occurred.
Syneresis can be appreciated if, in a gel, the liquid is removed. This causes the gel to lose its homogeneity and become an aggregation of solid elements that are separated and are in the liquid phase.
Sometimes syneresis is an unwanted effect. If the dairy serum of the Curd in a yoghurt, the released liquid accumulates on top. To avoid this phenomenon, it is usual to use jelly in order to stabilize the compounds and maintain the appearance and characteristics of the product.