Even Latin you have to “leave” in order to find the etymological origin of the superfluous term that we are now dealing with. Specifically, we can say that it is a word that derives from “superfluus”, which has been formed from the sum of two parts:
-The prefix “super-”, which can be translated as “above”.
-The root of the verb “fluere”, which is synonymous with “flow”.
The concept refers to what is left over or what is unnecessary. For instance: “Let’s not waste time with superfluous topics: let’s discuss the central issue of this issue”, “The film is superfluous and does not delve into the problems of the couple”, “The minimalist decoration is based on the elimination of superfluous elements”.
It is common for the notion to be associated with expenses. In this sense, it is possible to distinguish between necessary or essential expenses and the superfluous expenses. Take the case of a family. In the home economy, there are certain expenses that must be made: paying for electricity, water and electricity services, buying food, etc. If the family does not make these expenses, it cannot meet its basic needs. On the other hand, other expenses are not essential. Among them we can name going out to eat out, going to the movies or buying an ornament. All these expenses, therefore, can be classified as superfluous.
For the governments, eliminating superfluous expenses is very important to avoid the deficit. The opposition political parties, in fact, usually denounce the existence of superfluous expenses since they imply a inefficient management of public funds.
Sometimes the superfluous rating is very subjective. A person Anyone who buys a cell phone (mobile) with the sole intention of talking with your child may claim that the games and the device’s camera are superfluous features. On the other hand, the adolescent who purchases the telephone to entertain himself in his spare time will consider such applications to be very important.
We cannot ignore either that in some countries the superfluous term that we are dealing with is used to refer to certain individuals. Specifically, it is used to define people who are characterized because they are very frivolous, since they only care about aspects such as money or appearance; because they do not have the capacity to be able to talk about important topics or because they are always worrying about absurd aspects and issues.
Thus, for example, a man or a woman looking for a partner simply by looking at the money they may have in their checking account or their physical appearance can be said to be superfluous people.
To all this we must add that within Russian literature there is the figure of the so-called superfluous man. It is a stereotype that is easily found in the works made in that country during the 19th century and that is characterized by belonging to the aristocracy or having a high purchasing power, being very idealistic and having great intelligence. All this without overlooking the fact that he is also identified by the fact that he is dissatisfied with the society in which he has lived and that he does not believe in anything or anyone.