In order to fully enter into the establishment of the meaning of the sumptuary term, it is necessary to proceed to determine its etymological origin. In this case, it must be stated that it derives from Latin, specifically from the word “sumptuaris”, which is identified with waste or expense. Exactly we can indicate that it is the result of the sum of the noun “sumptus”, which can be translated as “expense”, and the component “-arius”, which is a suffix of relation.
It’s a adjective that qualifies that linked to luxury. This concept (luxury), for its part, is related to what pompous or to the good that, to obtain it, requires having resources that exceed the average.
For instance: “The State should not make luxury expenses taking into account the current economic situation of the country”, “Art does not have to be considered as something luxurious, but as a cultural manifestation that is essential for the community”, “It is not possible to get luxury products in this town: it is a humble area”.
It is called well sumptuous to the product that has a very high price and that, in general, it is considered as something accessory (that is, it is not essential). The usual thing is to define which goods are luxury goods according to the average income level of a country or the average price of other products of the same type. If in a nation whose inhabitants earn an average of $ 1,000 per month and cars of $ 30,000, a vehicle costs $ 500,000This may be defined as a luxury or luxury good.
Generally, luxury goods are subject to a special tax. This allows the State obtain additional resources from the higher classes; This money can then be invested in works that help reduce social differences.
The rates They also seek to promote productive investment and, in many cases, national production, making the population with greater economic power invest in the country or buy locally manufactured products.
In addition to the above, it is interesting to know that, on many occasions, luxury goods become the subject of debate and controversy. And it is that when there are people who brag about them, the morality of acquiring them and even spreading them to the four winds when there are people dying of hunger in the world is questioned.
However, those who defend the need for there to be this type of goods and that, of course, they are acquired establish that this contributes to, through the aforementioned taxes, not only raising money for the welfare of the state but also removing taxes from others. products that are essential for the general population, such as foods such as milk, bread, fruit …
Everything that has to do with this type of goods we can say that it is analyzed in depth in what has been called The Theory of the Leisure Class, which was developed by Thorstein Veblen.