The sugar it’s a body of solid characteristics that is white and is crystallized. This type of substance is part of the carbohydrates, is soluble in H2O and is characterizes for his sweet taste.
The beetroot, the cane and other kinds of vegetables are sources that allow obtaining sugar. The term is often used to name the saccharose, which is the common sugar used in the preparation of foods. This sucrose is a type of carbohydrate made up of a fructose molecule and another glucose molecule.
The notion of sugars is also used to name disaccharides, the monosaccharides and the carbohydrates in general, especially in the field industrial.
Sugar contributes calories They are rated as empty as they have no minerals or vitamins. However, it is an ingredient widely used as sweetener to enhance the flavor of the preparations.
When sugar is heated beyond its decomposition point, it forms the candy (which can be poured over the flan, for example).
Among the different types of sugar, the White sugar (containing 99.5% sucrose), the refined sugar (between 99.8% and 99.9% sucrose), the Brown sugar or black (which crystallizes and centrifuges but is not refined, which gives it a colour dark) and the blond sugar (lighter than brown sugar and with a higher level of sucrose).
Brazil is the main sugar producer worldwide, followed by nations such as Argentina, China and USA.
Myths about sugar
It is difficult to find another food product surrounded by as many myths as sugar. Four of the most common are described below, trying to find how much is reality in them:
* causes overweight: the truth is that the increase of weight it occurs if excess calories are ingested, but these are obtained from sugar as well as from protein and fat. In other words, it is not so much due to the product but to the proportions in which it is consumed;
* produces cavities: it does, but as much as bread and other seemingly harmless foods, since the reason why cavities appear is that the bacteria that lodge in the mouth generate acids every time we eat carbohydrates, it doesn’t matter what kind. This takes place within a period of half an hour after ingestion, which is why it is highly advisable to brush your teeth before this process can begin.
* causes diabetes: in reality, it is not. Who suffer from diabetesThey cannot assimilate sugar normally, which is why they are instructed to consume it in moderate amounts. The sources of the disease do not include sugar intake, but issues such as genetics, being overweight and age.
* superiority of brown sugar over white: both varieties have, for example, the same proportion of calories for each gram of carbohydrates and in neither case are minerals, fiber or vitamins found. The only difference is that brown sugar is partially refined with a certain percentage of molasses.
Despite being able to prove that such accusations are not based on reality, this does not mean that eating sugar without any moderation will bring good results. The sweet taste, so appealing to most people, can be enjoyed not only in chocolate bars and candy bars, but also in fruits, which also provide nutrients such as vitamins and antioxidants. The combination is always the best way, since it allows to obtain the benefits of a healthy diet while enjoying those ingredients that are not so complete but with irresistible tastes.