Subordination It is a term of Latin origin that refers to the dependency relationship between one element and another. There are different types of subordination or subjection to something, for example: to command, the domain wave order someone’s.

The dominance implicit in subordination can be formal or symbolic. In addition, it is important to note that although it is usual for the subordinate to abide by the command due to the existence of a hierarchical relationship that he understands and accepts, many times it happens that this domain is produced by applying the strength, such as the imposition of a certain social behavior by the forces of order through threats and physical violence.


In a hierarchical relationship there is subordination.

Subordination in grammar

On grammar This concept is used to refer to the dependency relationship that is established between two or more elements that belong to different grammatical categories (noun-adjective, preposition-regime, etc.) or between two sentences.

So that a subordinate clause there must be a hierarchical relationship between two parties. In this way, all syntactic subordination or hypotaxis implies a dependency relation where the main preposition has a greater hierarchy than the subordinate proposition. This means that the two parts cannot be exchanged without the meaning of the sentence being altered.


Subordination can be established in different ways.

Subordinate clauses

Subordinate or secondary sentences are those that do not have autonomy and necessarily depend on another sentence, which is called the main sentence. The relationship between the two sentences is introduced from phrases or conjunctions. There are two types of subordinate clauses, those that have a finite conjugated verb (explicit) or those that have a verb that is conjugated indefinitely (implicit).

It is important to clarify that, although these sentences allow to know more about the subject that carries out the action in the main sentence, they are not essential for it to make sense, while without this main sentence, the subordinate one will lack it.

The ties in subordination

When putting together a subordinate clause it is necessary to use certain links, which are essential to establish the relationship and identify the degree of hierarchy of the two parties. Sometimes these links can be omitted, when they are implicit in the sense of the sentence. This grammar device is known as juxtaposition. Example: “Roberto couldn’t play. I was injured “ The complete form of this sentence would be: “Roberto couldn’t play because he was injured”.

It is important to note that subordination can also be found within the same sentence, in the different elements that make it up. There are different types of subordination within a sentence which correspond to the three fundamental parts that make it up: nouns, adjectives and adverbs. Thus, subordinates can be substantive, adjective or adverbial (also known as circumstantial).

Examples according to type

* Subordination substantive: The subordinate complement fulfills the functions of a noun, that is, of the subject that performs the action. In the following sentence “The one who sings is from my people” the subordinate part is “the one who sings.”

* Adverbial subordination: Introduce temporal, local, modal or comparative references in the sentence, modifying the verb. In case it has not been clear, they are classified in the same way that circumstantial complements do. In the sentence “The child eats as much as he wants,” the subordinate is “as much as he wants.”

* Adjective subordination: The preposition fulfills the function of explaining, substantiating or specifying about the fundamental element of the noun in the same way that adjectives do. They are usually preceded by expressions such as that, which, which, whose, who. In the sentence “The child who studies passes,” the subordinate is “who studies.”

Other examples of subordinate clauses are: “If you drink, don’t drive”, “I’m sleepy, so I’m going to sleep for a while” and “That’s the church where we get married”.