The concept of stucco, which comes from the Italian term stucco, refers to a mass which is formed by mixing glue water and white plaster, according to the first meaning mentioned by the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) in your dictionary.
Stucco can also be a pasta created with marble dust and slaked lime, to which plaster, alabaster or other substances are sometimes added. When the calcium hydroxide that is present in the lime comes into contact with the carbon dioxide, the stucco hardens.
Due to its characteristics, stucco is often used to cover roofs and walls. The material, on the other hand, can be polished, carved or modeled to create various shapes or achieve decorative effects.
According to the mortar used, the stucco acquires different textures. That is why it can be adapted to various forms and kinds of construction. The stucco also contributes to the waterproofing.
At the time of Renaissance, stucco was used as an architectural complement. On the walls of temples, for example, they used to paint figures with white stucco. The colored stucco, on the other hand, it was used in the decoration of castles and palaces.
One of the best known stuccoes is the so-called venetian stucco, which emerged at the beginning of XV century on Venice. Its finish is similar to polished marble, and it stands out for the multiple shades it can achieve. Venetian stucco is elastic, has a large endurance and applies with ease.
According to the material on which you want to apply, the stucco must have different properties. In marble, a hard stucco is recommended since it can be subjected to polishing, to name one case, while in wood the stucco must be flexible so as not to crack.
To use the stucco correctly and get the finish desired, several coats must be applied with the help of a spatula, thanks to which the material can be smoothed until the surface is polished and shiny. In addition to the difficulty of its application, it is important to know how to clean the workspace after the process is finished to maintain it.
Among the benefits of Venetian stucco is the fact that it prevents the formation of mold in places damp, which is why it is possible to apply it in the bathroom, although not in the shower space. Stucco can give us great results in a number of different situations, but it requires maintenance to prevent all work from going bad, and we should do this about every two years. The steps to clean stucco are as follows:
* degrease the wall and remove all traces of dust. For this we can use hot water and neutral soap;
* wait for the surface before continuing;
* With the help of a gauze, pass a specific wax product for this purpose, which can be obtained in stores such as hardware stores and supermarkets;
* pass a thin, even layer;
* With a wool glove, polish the surface using circular movements to make it shiny, easier to wash and prevent the stucco from deteriorating.
As can be seen, Venetian stucco offers many Benefits, and among them it is also found that it is very easy to wash. But people often choose it over others because it offers very bright finishes that allow decorating different spaces, such as columns, walls and even fireplaces. Some people go for it fake stucco, which consists of a paint that simulates the real stucco. While it is easier to apply, it does require some effort and skill to make the result look like multiple coats of stucco have been passed through.