The notion of statue comes from the Latin word statua. The term refers to a sculpture what are you looking for reproduce the characteristics of a real or natural figure.
A sculpture, meanwhile, is a construction site what is done sculpting or carving a three-dimensional figure on a certain material. The concept comes from Latin sculptūra.
Returning to the idea of a statue, it is a sculptural creation that imitates the appearance of a person or a animal. The sculptor, with his work, aims to develop a faithful representation of the protagonist in question.
Most used materials
The statues can be made with different materials. In ancient times, they used to get hold of granite, limestone or marble, stones that are still used frequently.
Various metals and alloys were also used centuries ago and are still popular today. Among them we can name the bronze, the steel, the iron and the copper. On the other hand, clay and the wood they always retained their importance in this area.
As for modern materials for the creation of statues, many sculptors choose polymers. The important thing is that the selected element can be molded and carved to capture in the work what it is intended to copy or symbolize.
Types of statue
Statues are classified in multiple ways. Because not all of them exhibit the entire figure, depending on the part of the body that the statue represents it is possible to differentiate between torsos (they lack limbs and head), the busts (present the upper thorax and head) and the hermas (busts that are placed on a stipe, which is a pedestal).
Depending on the position of the person, meanwhile, one can speak of equestrian statue (it is on a horse), praying statue (is kneeling), recumbent statue (lying down), seated statue (sitting) or own statue (stop).
Regarding the size of the statue, one of the most common classifications is to distinguish between the smallest statues (the figurines) and the largest statues (the colossi).
Purpose or function
The creation of a statue can be due to different reasons. In some cases, the statue has a ritual or spiritual end and even aims to achieve the evocation of a divinity or of a mythological being.
On the other hand, there are statues that aim to symbolize a value, a concept or a feeling (such as the Justice, the reason wave family). In addition, reference may be made to statues of historical content and those that are born with a merely aesthetic intention.
The statue of Liberty
The most famous statue in the world is possibly the Statue of Liberty, found in New York (USA). It is a 46-meter colossus that shows a woman standing with a torch in his right hand and a tablet in his left hand.
Installed in the Island of freedom, at Hudson River, had its inauguration in 1886. The statue was gifted by France to USA as a symbol of the friendship between the two peoples and to celebrate the centennial of American independence, although it was finally presented ten years after that anniversary.