The idea of gymnastics, from the Greek term gymnastics, refers to the activity carried out with the aim of improving and preserving a good physical condition through various exercises. The concept also refers to the set of movements that are developed for this purpose.
Sports, for its part, is that related to the sport: the physical activity that is carried out according to certain rules and as a competition or game. A sport can also be a hobby or recreation.
With these ideas clear, we can move forward in defining gymnastics. This is how the gymnastic discipline consisting of the deployment of choreographic routines which may include the use of different devices and musical accompaniment. It is about the fusion of aesthetics and athletics to delight the spectators in the framework of the Olympic competitions; in fact, it is one of the most important disciplines of the Olympic Games.
Given that the participants have very worked bodies and that they perform demonstrations of agility, strength and postures difficult to perform without years of hard training, the sports gymnastics exhibitions are authentic spectacles in which both the beauty and the dexterity of the human being can be appreciated in the same place.
Also known as artistic gymnasticsSports gymnastics is done on a surface with defined measurements according to a regulation. The origins of this discipline are at the end of the XIX century: from Athens 1986 it is an olympic sport. It must be clarified, anyway, that only after Amsterdam 1928 Female athletes began to participate, since until then only men competed.
To be more precise, we must go back around three millennia, the time when the ancient Greeks created the “gymnasium”, a space for social and cultural exchange to which men came to exercise their bodies and participate in discussions about art, politics and music. As mentioned above, women were excluded from these for a long time. activities.
Thanks to the harmonious combination of developing Physical and mental, the Greeks achieved a balance that they considered ideal. The Chinese, Persians, and Romans also promoted intense gymnastic activities, but they focused primarily on military training. And this brings us to the 19th century, the point in history at which the concept of gymnastics or artistic to distinguish it from soldier-oriented discipline.
Certain exercise equipment, such as bars parallel, were devised by Friedrich Ludwig Jahn, a German professor, in the second half of the 19th century. At that time, the first competitions between schools and clubs from all over the European continent also began to take place.
We must not forget that training Physics was not always part of the general education of the towns, but was originally used to train soldiers. Over the centuries, notions of health and welfare they have changed and are still developing; for this reason, the incorporation of physical exercise into life as part of daily activities is relatively modern.
Sports gymnastics, in its competitive mode, can be individual or group, with individual competitions being more popular. According to rules set by the International Gymnastics Federation, each gymnast has between thirty and ninety seconds to execute their routines, which are qualified by a jury through scores based on the analysis of various criteria.
As for the gadgets that can be used in sports gymnastics, are the easel (colt jump or horse jump), the rings and the high bar (Fixed bar).