In order to know the meaning of the term spa, we must first establish its etymological origin. In this case, we can state that it derives from Latin, exactly from the word “balnearius”, which is the result of the sum of two clearly delimited components:
-The noun “balneum”, which can be translated as “bathroom”.
-The suffix “-ario”, which is used to indicate “place”.

The concept of Spa It is used in different ways according to the geographic region. The first meaning mentioned by the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) points out that spa is an adjective that refers to something linked to a public bathroom, especially those who are medicinal.

SpaBalneario is also the name that, in the continent European, receive the facilities equipped with medicinal baths and tourist services. These spas are based on the use of mineral or thermal water as a healing tool. Various respiratory, joint, dermatological and digestion conditions, among others, can be treated at these spas.

In general, spas have different kinds of showers Y swimming pools so that people can take advantage of the water. When these spas are not medicinal, but are aimed at aesthetics or relaxation, they include sauna, solarium and other options.

The fact that relaxation and health tourism has become fashionable has led to the emergence of numerous spas around the world. However, in Spain several stand out that are identified and differentiated by the fact that they are built on old buildings:
-Mondariz spa. It is more than 125 years old and is considered to be one of the most important in the early 20th century. A good example of its relevance is that illustrious figures such as Benito Pérez Galdós or Emilia Pardo Bazán enjoyed it.
-Balneario de Panticosa. Huesca is where this other spa is located, which already has its origin in Roman times. In the 19th and 20th centuries it was visited by kings, presidents of the government, scientists and even illustrious writers.
-Balneario de Liérganes. It is located in Cantabria and is one of the most relevant in the history of Spain. It is because King Alfonso XIII and his family were regulars.
-Balneario de Lanjarón, located in the province of Granada. He has an interesting past behind him as his clients were Federico García Lorca, Virginia Woolf or Manuel de Falla among others.

In Latin America, on the other hand, it is known as a spa at the city ​​or town that is by the sea. These are tourist towns that are highly visited during the summer season. summer. The idea of ​​a spa is also used as a synonym for hostel or Beach club (that is, of a space that provides services such as bathrooms, umbrellas, chairs, restaurant, etc.).

Mar del Plata, for example, is a city spa of Argentina that is next to Atlantic Ocean. In it, in turn, there are spas such as The Pearl, designed by the famous architect Clorinda Testa and inaugurated in 1989.