The sophrology is a discipline that resorts to different relaxation techniques for a person to achieve the psychosomatic balance. In the etymology the term appears the Greek word sṓphrōn, which can be translated as “Sane of mind”.
The psychosomatic is that which affects the Psyche and, based on this action, it also affects the body (or vice versa). The psychosomatic balanceIn this framework, it assumes that the individual is healthy both psychically and organically, since neither facet has a negative impact on the other.
The Colombian psychiatrist and neurologist Alfonso Caycedo Lozano (1932–2017.) is pointed out as the father of sophrology. Formed in Spain, this specialist traveled by East to study meditation methodologies with the aim of applying them in psychiatric therapies.
In this way, sophrology is nourished by Zen and the yoga, among other doctrines and practices. It is also based on resources that are inspired by the hypnosis to promote relaxation.
What sophrology does is stimulate the right cerebral hemisphere for, from muscle relaxation, cause a state similar to that of the hypnosis, although without mental dissociation.
According to Caycedo, sophrology proposes the theoretical study of consciousness to equip each human being with tools that allow them to experience their own consciousness. It also aims to provide techniques to professionals in the Health so that they incorporate them into the treatments they develop.
Caycedo even argued that sophrology helps to increase resistance against psychosomatic disorders and allows optimization Intelectual skills as the concentration and the attention.