Before entering fully into the establishment of the meaning of the term sodium chloride, it is necessary to know the etymological origin of the two main words that give it its shape:
-Chloride comes from the Greek. Specifically, it is the result of the sum of two components of that language: “khloros”, which means “light green”, and the suffix “-uro”, which is synonymous with “acid salt”.
-Sodium, on the other hand, emanates from Latin. In your case, it is derived from “sodium.”
The sodium chloride, also know as sodium chloride, is the table salt. It is a white crystalline substance that is used to flavor the meal.
The formula of this chemical compound is NaCl. It is made up of a chloride anion and a sodium cation and it is classified as an ionic compound since it is composed of two substances that have an important difference in terms of their electronegativities.
Sodium chloride can be found in the planet’s crust Land and in the water of the oceans. For your use, you can get the salt from the rock named halite or by evaporation of sea water. The world’s largest producers are USA, China, Germany and India.
The most common use of sodium chloride is linked to the feeding. Most of the food is seasoned by adding a certain dose of salt, which has a characteristic flavor. The excessive consumption of sodium chloride, however, is detrimental to the Health because it causes an increase in blood pressure (hypertension).
Another food-related use of sodium chloride is for its conservation. Due to its osmotic power, it allows to dehydrate bacteria and virus. In this way, when applying sodium chloride on meats, they are protected from bacterial action.
In addition to all the above, we cannot ignore another series of singularities or curiosities about sodium chloride, such as the following:
-It is used at an industrial level. Specifically, it plays a fundamental role in textile industries and even in what are refineries.
-With regard to health, it should be noted that, in addition to the negative consequences mentioned regarding an excess of salt consumption, there are others that are equally relevant. We are referring, in particular, to the fact that it can lead to skin problems, that it can damage the respiratory tract in a harmful way or that it can increase fluid retention. Not forgetting that it can also increase the chances of suffering from dehydration or kidney disease.
-When cleaning, it is considered very useful to eliminate, for example, mold.
-Sodium chloride has a melting point of 801º while its density is 2.16 g / ml.
-Its molar mass is 58.44 g / mol.
Similarly, sodium chloride is used as antiseptic for the disinfection of wounds and to heal ulcers. Salt, on the other hand, is thrown on roads covered with snow as it reduces its freezing point and causes it to melt. In this way, the road can be cleared and vehicles can circulate.