A structure it is a formation, whether physical or symbolic, that arises from the way in which the elements that compose it are related. Social, for its part, is that linked to society (a set of individuals who share a culture and live according to common norms).
The idea of social structure It is used in the field of sociology. This is how it is called the form adopted by the system that is created from the relationships maintained by the members of a society. These systematic relationships promote the development of a certain social structure.
Organization of the population
A social structure, therefore, is reflected in a population organized in a specific way. The structure supposes a kind of net that is built through social relationships and where language, culture, values and other factors that constitute the identity of the group and its members come into play.
It is important to bear in mind that the notion of social structure refers to systematic relationships: the members of the society are linked regardless of the direct contact they maintain. The social structure is responsible for describing the form that the global system of these links takes in a community.
Following this reasoning, the structure determines the characteristics of social activities, being in turn a product of them. A social structure supposes that there are constitutive elements that form a unit and that remain in time, guaranteeing stability. In a society, in short, there is an order of its elements that is maintained despite the passage of weather.
Types of social structure
Having said all this, the study of the social structure can detect different nuances or tendencies in each community, which characterizes it and allows us to understand how it is organized, what its main principles are. needs and also its potential. Broadly speaking, we can differentiate four types of social structure, depending on the aspect that dominates it:
* the economy: in a society for which economy It is the fundamental aspect, people who are dedicated to business, both in the manufacturing and in the distribution field, enjoy a position of great importance in the social scale. The behavior of individuals in a community of this type are influenced considerably by material and commercial values;
* the family: here we find a very different way of understanding the social structure, which focuses on blood ties and respect for previous generations. In such a society, status is not measured by money or influence in industry, but by questions of morality and ancestry;
* the religionAlthough this kind of social structure is no longer as common as in the past, it still exists in several countries. It is about the one in which the supernatural questions collected and explained by means of a religion determined are the focal point of your organization. Depending on each case, beliefs may point to the existence of one or more divine entities to which the human being must subordinate himself;
* politics: a system of this type is called totalitarian, and is characterized by the direct intervention of the State in the creation of rules to control all groups and institutions.
It should be noted that the definition of the concept of social structure has evolved in recent decades, and today it is preferred to understand it as a population that is organized, developed and lives in a certain space, in a certain way, immersed in a particular and very complex system that allows the interaction of its members.