The concept of social justice emerged in the middle of XIX century to refer to the need to achieve a equitable distribution of social assets. In a society with social justice, human rights they are respected and the most disadvantaged social classes have opportunities for development.
For many experts in the field, it is considered that the origin of social justice is found in what was the distributive justice established at the time by the Greek philosopher Aristotle. It came to make it clear that it was the one that made sure that all people could enjoy and access a series of essential goods such as education or food.
February 20 is when the International Day of Social Justice is celebrated because that is how the UN (United Nations Organization) established it in 2007. A day this that said world entity advocates that it be celebrated through activities that what they do is promote human dignity, development, full employment, gender equality and social well-being.
Social justice implies the commitment of the Condition to compensate for inequalities that arise in the market and in other mechanisms of society. The authorities must create the conditions for the whole of society to develop in economic terms. This means, in other words, that there should not be a few billionaires and a large mass of the poor.
There is no social justice if, for example, 20% of society earns more than 500,000 pesos a month and 70% lives on less than 1,000 pesos a month. There are different currents of thought, however, that propose different ways of facing these inequalities.
The liberalismIn general, it maintains that social justice is linked to the generation of opportunities and the protection of private initiatives. The socialism and leftist proposals, on the other hand, focus on state intervention to achieve social justice. There are those who argue that certain profit margins are immoral in the midst of impoverished societies and seek to combat excessive profit through taxes, fees or other measures.
The countries Those with the best quality of life are usually those that promote social justice since inequity and inequalities generate violence and promote social confrontations.
There is a large number of institutions worldwide that advocate and work precisely to achieve this equality of different aspects among the entire population. Thus, for example, we should highlight the role of Fundación Justicia Social, a non-profit organization that was created in Colombia in 1999 and whose objectives include: access to education, defense of human rights, the sustainability of democracy or the promotion of peace.
In Spain, specifically in Madrid, there is also an entity that has the same name as the previous one. It is made up of social graduates and its objective is to promote and encourage all kinds of research and actions that revolve around Social Security and Work.