A sleeping pill is a substance that provokes sleep: wanting to sleep. The term, which can be used as a noun or as an adjective, comes from the Latin word somnĭfer.
Sleeping pills can induce or maintain sleep. Is about psychotropic drugs (they have an effect on the Central Nervous System, modifying their functions temporarily) and hypnotics (they make you sleepy) whose consumption should be indicated by a doctor or a pharmacist, as the case may be.
Various reasons can cause a person have trouble falling or staying asleep. A specialist has to determine what the specific reason is in the individual and, based on that diagnosis, they may suggest the use of sleeping pills.
However, prolonged use of sleeping pills can cause tolerance (They lose effectiveness from an accustoming of the organism). In addition, when the subject stops their intake, a abstinence syndrome and even lead to sudden return of insomnia.
To minimize risks and side effects, it is important not to mix sleeping pills with certain substances (such as alcohol) and do not exceed the suggested doses. On the other hand, it must be taken into account that sleeping pills cause drowsiness and sedation, so care must be taken if activities are carried out after consumption.
Doctors recommend doing physical exercise during the day, minimizing the stress, skipping caffeine and sticking to a regular bedtime as ways to combat insomnia. The prescription of sleeping pills is an additional alternative that requires responsibility in the patient and a professional follow-up of the treatment so that complications do not arise.
In short, beyond the existence of over-the-counter sleeping pills, it is always advisable to consult with a doctor before making a decision that aims to modify sleep patterns with drugs.