A skyscraper is a high-rise habitable tower. These buildings They have a large number of floors or floors and stand out, due to their size, from neighboring buildings.
For instance: “My brother lives on the 30th floor of a skyscraper that faces the sea: it offers spectacular views”, “Every day under the twenty-five floors of the skyscraper by the staircase, so I stay in shape”, “Fire in the skyscraper: fifty people had to be evacuated”.
There is no precise definition of skyscrapers in terms of height. Sometimes a skyscraper is considered to be a building whose height exceeds 500 feet (equivalent to 152.5 meters). In other cases, a building that stands out considerably vertically from its surroundings is accepted as skyscrapers.
Today there are many skyscrapers that exceed the 400 meters high. The construction of this type of buildings usually responds to promotional or advertising reasons, since the tall towers always attract attention. Anyway, a skyscraper can also become a good business since it allows to make the most of the land (many homes or offices are created on a reduced horizontal surface).
The concentration of individuals and services in a relatively small space it can contribute to greater economic efficiency. The cost of this type of construction and its maintenance, however, is very high.
Between the cities with more skyscrapers are Hong Kong, Dubai, New York and Shanghai. Today, the tallest skyscraper in the world is the Burj khalifa from Dubai, with a maximum height of almost 830 meters.
Since time immemorial, human beings have wanted to rise above their environment, conquer everything and everyone on their way through this planet. The construction of tall buildings (note that the word “building” is often used in some countries as a synonym for “skyscraper”, although the RAE dictionary does not contemplate that it is a construction especially high) was one of his most significant tactics in his quest for power over other species, although it took him many centuries to develop the technologies and materials necessary to achieve it.
As of 2015, the following are some of the tallest skyscrapers in the world:
ADNOC Headquarters, in Abu Dhabi
It is one of the headquarters of the company oil company Abu Dhabi National Oil Company, which was built with the aim of achieving LEED Gold certification (LEED it means Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design and it is a North American system that certifies sustainable buildings). It measures 342 meters high and consists of 76 floors;
OKO Tower, Moscow
This Russian tower, which measures 352 meters and boasts 85 floors, belongs to the International Business Center of the metropolis, a multipurpose space that can be compared to La Defense, from Paris, or Canary wharf, From london. The signature of architects who was in charge of its design, Skidmore, Owings & MerrillHe had worked at the One World Trade Center in New York and at the Burj Khalifa in Dubai;
432 Park Avenue, New York
It was the tallest skyscraper in the West until 2015, and the twenty-second in the world, at 425 meters and 85 floors. Penthouse 94, with its six rooms and an area of 767 square meters, is the flat most expensive on the market: it sells for $ 82,500,000, which is equivalent to more than $ 107,000 per square meter;
Shanghai Tower, Shanghai
Few skyscrapers in the world can exceed 632 meters of this imposing Asian colossus, located in China. It consists of 128 floors and until 2015 it was the highest on its continent. As a curious fact, the so-called “rooftoppers”, people who climb high-rise buildings without equipment. security, they have it among their favorite destinations.