Definition of short circuit – What it is, Meaning and Concept

We have to establish, first of all, that short circuit is a juxtaposed word made up of two terms such as “short” and “circuit”:
-Short has its etymological origin in Latin, exactly in the adjective “curtus”, which can be translated as “cut” or “short”.
-Circuito, on the other hand, also derives from Latin. In his case, he does so from the word “circuitus”, which comes, in turn, from the verb “circumeo” which means “to go around”.

The notion of short circuit, also accepted as short circuit in the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE), refers to electrical circuit that is produced accidentally when conductors from opposite poles come into contact, generating a download.

Short circuitIt can be said that a short circuit is a failure that is generated in an electrical line or in a device when two conductors that have different polarities come into contact due to the loss of their insulating covering. This makes the circuit also lose your endurance and the Balance what the call provides Ohm’s law.

According to this law postulated by Georg simon ohm, the potential difference that is recorded at the ends of a certain conductor is proportional to the intensity of the current flowing through said conductor. The proportionality factor in the relationship between the potential difference and the intensity is known as electric resistance.

When the unprotected insulating ends of conductors of different polarity are joined, the electrical resistance is canceled and the short circuit occurs, sharply increasing the intensity of the current. There is also an increase in temperature that can even cause a fire.

To avoid damage caused by short circuits, electrical installations can be protected with fuses. This element has a wire or a metal sheet inside: if the intensity of the electric current rises suddenly, the metal melts, causing the circuit to open.

Another protection mechanism against short circuits are the circuit breakers or spreads, which also open the circuit and prevent the passage of current.

“Short circuit”Finally, it is the title in Spanish of a film sci-fi comic released in 1986 that revolves around a robot.

John Badham is the director of that science fiction feature film that narrates how a prototype robot, which goes by the name of Johnny 5, manages to escape from its creators after lightning alters its program and causes a malfunction. It is a prototype of a robot for military use that, however, its inventor aims to achieve peaceful uses and for the benefit of society.

Steve Guttenberg, Ally Sheedy or Fisher Stevens are some of the actors who lead the cast of this film that had a sequel. This was called “Short Circuit II”, was released in 1988 and revolves around some toy robots that become a real business for certain dangerous characters.

This second production was directed by Kenneth Johnson and featured actors such as Fisher Stevens, Michael McKean and Cynthia Gibb, among others. Tim Blaney was in charge of voicing Johnny 5, the main robot.

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