The idea of self determination, in its broadest sense, refers to the ability of an individual to make a decision for himself. By extension, self-determination is understood as the power of a people to decide their future, above all through political actions that affect the organization of the society.
There is talk of personal self-determination with reference to the power of a person to organize your resources and exploit their potential to achieve the goals you set. This self-determination is linked to the individual will Yet the possibility to choose freely.
Various factors can undermine personal self-determination. One of them is the economic and social context: if someone wants to study, but does not have money To do so, that wish cannot be fulfilled. The family pressuresMeanwhile, they can also affect self-determination.
Depending on the point of view, personal self-determination can be considered a characteristic of each individual, which is manifested in different degrees, from very low bordering on nullity to very high, in those individuals who seem not to stop at any obstacle. As with other similar questions in psychology, it is not easy to predict how self-determined a person will be simply by knowing the characteristics of his or her own. environment and their upbringing, something that is proven by observing those siblings who choose practically opposite paths in life despite having grown up in the same home.
Returning to the above about the factors that can hinder self-determination, it is also correct to affirm that many people have more opportunities than they are willing to take advantage of, and vice versa. For those on the other extreme, it can be very frustrating to feel that life has denied them such opportunities, and in extreme cases self-determination progressively fades until the individual stops dreaming of a dream. future best.
All this is framed in the self determination theory, also known by its acronym in English SDT, which studies motivation and concerns about development, needs and the trends that we bring from birth. In short, it tries to explain what drives us to make decisions when there are no external stimuli, that is, when they arise from our own determination. Throughout the 1970s, this theory advanced remarkably thanks to research focused on intrinsic motivation and its impact on behavior.
The right of self-determination of peoples, on the other hand, implies that citizens have the sovereignty to decide on their form of government and to define how to promote their own social, cultural and economic progress. This means that, to guarantee self-determination, external interference (for example, from other countries or multinational organizations) must be rejected.
Although the right of self-determination allows the implementation of human rights individualIt can also lead to dangerous situations, such as violent demonstrations to impose a decision or efforts to destabilize constitutional rulers.
Regarding its history, we can say that the concept of self-determination in the field of politics had its origins along the so-called Contemporary age, a period of history that began with the Declaration of Independence of North America or the French Revolution and that continues to this day. It was articulated by peripheral cultures, a division of economics that includes the developmental school and dependency theory.
Self-determination and Freedom (AyL), finally, it is a political party created in 2001 by the leader Luis Zamora on Argentina. It is a leftist group that promotes the self-organization of workers to define policies and advance towards the socialism.