Sanitize is a term that is not part of the dictionary developed by the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE). The concept comes from the English word sanitize, which translates as disinfect or clean up.
The action to sanitize, therefore, it refers to the development of a disinfection or cleaning process. However, it is important to note that this meaning is not entirely accurate and that sanitizing and disinfecting should not be used synonymously.
A sanitizing product It allows reduce the amount of microbes found on a surface or in an environment. It is a compound with antimicrobial properties that contributes to the elimination of microorganisms.
In this sense, it can be said that a sanitizer performs a disinfection, although such disinfection is partial. While a disinfectant kills almost all microbes (its effectiveness surpasses the 99.9%), a sanitizer does not guarantee such capacity.
The usual thing is that products that are used to sanitize have a certain degree of toxicity and that they result corrosive. Its application must be carried out with caution, following the precise instructions of the manufacturer. The isopropyl alcohol, for example, it is a substance that is used to sanitize.
A product that disinfects, in short, ensures the total destruction of the microorganisms mentioned on its label, which are usually bacteria and no fungi or viruses. A product that allows sanitization, on the other hand, does not destroy all microbes, but rather minimizes their presence to a great extent and for a limited time. Disinfection, in this framework, goes deeper than sanitation.