Resorption is the action and result of resorber. East verb, which comes from the Latin word resorb, refers to that or that which returns to welcome a liquid that, before, left its structure.
For the medicine, resorption consists of absorption, either partial or total, of a pathological or normal product that is collected through the lymphatic or blood flow. It is called bone resorption the procedure that leads the blood to collect bone tissue that cells called osteoclasts.
These cells adhere to bone tissue and destroy it by demineralizing it. The tissue removed, in this way, passes to the blood. Ultimately, bone resorption is a problem for the body as it weakens the bones.
The lack of physical activity and disorders such as arthritis they can cause bone resorption. It should be noted that, while osteoclasts destroy bone tissue, osteoclasts osteoblasts help its recomposition. This means that, when bone resorption occurs, the destruction generated by the osteoclasts is greater than the regeneration driven by the osteoblasts.
One of the sites where the result of resorption can most easily be observed I mean it is the face, more specifically the jaw area. When a person loses their teeth, either by accident or by natural reasons, the bone that holds them to the jaw, which is called alveolar bone begins a process of resorption, since it cannot continue to exert its function.
The alveolar bone is different from others in the human skeleton, mainly due to its ability to undergo modifications such as the one discussed in the previous paragraph. In addition to tooth loss, resorption in this case can occur due to any of the following causes: trauma; erosion of the mucosa; the body’s own aging; osteoporosis; periodontal disease, gingivitis, or periodontitis.
In the absence of teeth, the fastest and safest way to prevent bone resorption is the application of implants. While some people prefer to opt for bridges and removable dentures, it is important to note that this requires the removal of two or more teeth, and that dentures need to be replaced on a regular basis anyway; As if this were not enough, they also do not prevent the resorption process from advancing. The implant appears to be the most effective method, as it includes root replacement, with the added benefit of preventing teeth natural to move.
The passage of time can be crucial in a case of alveolar bone resorption. Over the first 3 years or so after tooth loss, the loss of thickness and height can reach a 60%, after which the rhythm slows down considerably, until it reaches a 1% by year.
If implants are not placed soon, modern medicine offers the possibility of performing bone grafts, to compensate for the decrease that the bone alveolar has suffered in volume. However, when the distance between the loss of the teeth and the implant is considerable, the procedure can become very complex, since wear not only causes a difference in height but also in depth (the jaw seems to shrink up and down , giving the sensation that the chin is retracted).
Beyond the diseases or of exercise, the process of bone resorption is also linked to calcium level existing in the body. When the level of calcium is reduced, the secretion of a hormone is stimulated which, in turn, promotes the development and action of osteoclasts, which release the calcium present in bone tissue through resorption. That is why consuming foods rich in calcium, such as milk, cheese and nuts, is healthy for the bones.