The Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) does not recognize the concept of resocialization. It does include in its dictionary, instead, the word socialization As the process and result of socializing (the promotion of conditions that contribute to the development of people).
If we take into account the inclusion of the prefix re-, we can affirm that resocialization consists in socialize again. The idea refers to the reinstatement of an individual from the society, after he was marginalized for some reason.
Society is generally understood as a net in which a group of people is framed. In this sense, it is said that a subject is marginalized from society when he does not have the resources or the capacities to function autonomously in the community, lacks access to public services, etc. It is also understood that a person is outside society when goes against the common good or does not share their values.
Resocialization, in short, is the process that seeks for a person to be able to reintegrate into society. Those who were convicted of a crime and were deprived of their liberty as a punishment, they must go through various stages of re-socialization in order to be included in the system again.
Thus, it is assumed that the permanence of an individual in a jail is part of a resocialization process. In the first instance, the convicted person is punished and removed from society. Some time later, however, he will have to reintegrate. Those responsible for the penitentiary, therefore, must carry out a series of functions that includes psychological assistance and training so that the inmate, when recovering the Liberty, can develop and is not again a dangerous component of society.
It is curious that the custodial sentence continues to be the sanction par excellence against any person who violates the law despite the fact that in most countries the general perception indicates that the prison system does not function properly, does not offer a true solution to crime, nor does it provide useful opportunities for prisoners to re-enter the prison. system once they have served their sentence.
The attendance psychological treatment in prison is essential, as many of the inmates have very delicate emotional backgrounds for any of the following reasons, among many others: they come from families in which they have always felt displaced and unloved; they have had to leave their country by force due to lack of opportunities; they suffer discrimination on ethnic grounds; they have lived on the streets for a long time; They do not have enough training to get a good job and that pushes them to suffer all kinds of labor abuses.
Being locked up in a cell, deprived of the freedom to leave the building to go shopping, watch a movie or read a book in the park it is much more difficult to overcome than what is perceived from the outside; Like many other things in life, we don’t value freedom enough until we lose it. When there are psychological problems that prevent the correct and healthy developing In society, being forced to share a small space for months or years is not exactly a tempting dish.
Suicide attempts are among the problems that prison psychologists must deal with, which often begin by believing that once the period of imprisonment is over there will be no future. Let’s not forget that many individuals lose their jobs, their homes, and their relationships when they are sentenced to prison, so the re-socialization process should focus largely on preventing these events from preventing them. get up and get on with their lives.