Resettlement is he process and result of repopulating (to populate something again). The verb can be used with reference to plant again species that were previously part of a terrain and now, no. In this way, when we speak of reforestation, we are referring to a reforestation.
For instance: “Tomorrow there will be a day of reforestation in the mountains”, “The neighbors demanded that the mayor promote a repopulation of trees to beautify the park”, “The repopulation of forest regions affected by the fire must be a priority”.
In general, the idea of repopulation associated with reforestation is linked to those lands that, in the near past, had certain species that in the present have disappeared due to the overexploitation, a natural disaster or other reason. Restocking, therefore, consists of planting these species again or planting others so that the area will once again have vegetation.
Other of the objectives that are implicit in the process of reforestation can be located in the following two groups: producers (They are aimed at producing direct goods or raw materials, such as wood, fruits or cork); protectors (When seeking to obtain indirect benefits derived from the simple existence of the set of woody plants found in the area to be repopulated, such as the conservation of wildlife or the protection of the soil).
One of the fundamental steps when carrying out a reforestation plan is the choice of the species or species, something that depends directly on the definition of the objectives, according to the characteristics raised in the previous paragraph. The process of choosing species It is divided into three stages: the first and second revolve around the characteristics of the current season, also taking into account certain ecological factors; the third, on the other hand, aims to respect economic criteria.
Having chosen the species or species, it becomes necessary to indicate its origin or ecotype, that is, to leave a record of the place where the species were obtained. seeds; Thanks to this detailed information, it is possible to establish certain forecasts about the characteristics of the plant group to be created.
The idea of repopulation can also be associated with the process that leads to repopulate a place that has been abandoned or whose original inhabitants have been evicted or annihilated. Restocking, in this case, implies that a certain amount of people be installed in a certain site.
Suppose a rural town begins to lose inhabitants after the railroad stops reaching it. By not receiving trains, the economy local ended up being ruined and the villagers left. Thus he became what is known as a ghost town. Faced with this situation, the provincial government promotes the repopulation of the town, granting loans to the families that settle there and supporting them so that they can develop different productive activities.
Sometimes the reason for the population decline is related to a natural catastrophe or a major accident that occurred due to the negligence of a construction company, for example. After an emergency situation, which may also be due to a crime wave, the appeal of a neighborhood it can disappear in a very short time, and all the inhabitants who find the opportunity to leave, usually do so.
When an area has been stigmatized for any of the reasons just mentioned, among others, restocking work can be very difficult and require a joint effort between government bodies and private companies that find Benefits in convincing people to move there.