RepechageA repechage is a chance or an additional possibility that is granted to certain individuals or groups within the framework of a competence. This is usually an opportunity to rematch that have some competitors who failed to qualify for another phase in the first instance.

An example of a play-off takes place in the playoffs that are disputed in South America to classify the Soccer World Cup. The South American Playoffs are a qualifying tournament organized by the South American Football Confederation: currently, the first four teams qualify directly to the world, Meanwhile he fifth access a repechage.

This means that the selected team that finishes the South American qualifiers in fifth place cannot qualify for the World Cup in that first instance, although they acquire the straight to participate in a playoff. This playoff consists of two games (one at home and one as a visitor) against the team that finished fifth in the qualifying rounds of Asia. The winner of this series finally classifies the world, while the loser is eliminated and has no other chance.

The repechage mode is also used in the Davis cup, the tennis tournament in which national teams participate. The first division of the Davis cup is known as World Group; those teams that lose in the first round of World Group they go on to play a repechage against the winners of the different regional groups. The teams that win the playoffs play in the World Group the following year.

When observing the etymology of the term repechage, it is curious that its most common use takes place in the field of sport, although its three components clearly explain why its meaning refers to trying once again to achieve a target determined, especially after you’ve failed. The three parts that make up the word are:

Repechage* the prefix re-, which refers to the action of reiterating and, in the aforementioned contexts, the opportunity to continue participating in a competition;

* the verb fishing, which in these cases can give the idea of ​​going after a new chance, of looking for it with effort and without the certainty of getting it;

* suffix -age, used to give you the sense of action, just as in terms such as trip, sabotage Y blackmail.

Another way of understanding the birth of this word in our language is through a translation from French, where its equivalent «repêchage», which derives from the French verb to indicate «return to fishing«, Is used in the same sense that we give it in Spanish, to give a participant in a competition or exam a new opportunity.

The need or the validity of a repechage in the field of a competition arises from a reality that cannot be denied: the performance of a person or team in the middle of a match with a fixed date does not always reflect their true ability or their maximum potential, Given the a large number of external factors can negatively influence. For example, health issues can weaken them and deprive them of optimal use of their senses and faculties, just as emotional problems such as the loss of a loved one can devastate them and inevitably affect outcomes.

All this leads us to understand that, although there is not always the possibility of repechage in the championships, to believe that a specific failure defines a participant or a team is to ignore a series of factors, reduce reality to a plane. On the other hand, the repechage also helps the dynamism of the competitions, since it gives them movement and collaborates with the factor surprise until the end.