Distribution is the action and the result of distributing. East verb, meanwhile, refers to fragmenting or dividing something to distribute it. For instance: “I think the division of the tasks was not fair: I had the most difficult ones”, “The businessman decided to distribute his belongings before moving to India, where he plans to develop a new life”, “The distribution of assistance to the victims of the flood is being carried out in an ineffective way”.
In addition to all the above, we have to emphasize that to distribute is a verb that derives from Latin, specifically from “distribuire” and that is made up of two clearly differentiated parts: the prefix “re-”, which can be translated as “repetition”, and the verb “partire”, which is synonymous with “divide”.
The concept of repartimiento is also used to name the document in which what has been distributed is recorded: “According to the distribution, each family received a two-hectare piece of land so that they can build their home and sow the land.”, “The distribution does not clarify the details of the funds or explain how they have been distributed”, “An audit would have to be carried out to confirm the data contained in the distribution”.
In colonial times America, there was what became known as distribution of Indians. It was a system of exploitation that forced the American aborigines to work for the Spanish in exchange for minimal pay. The conquerors distributed aboriginal labor among the owners of different mining and agricultural operations, leaving the natives forced to obey their patrons. After the working season was over, the aborigines were sent back to their reductions.
From the end of the 16th century to the beginning of the 19th century, the division of Indians was effective, which came to replace the encomienda established from the outset by the discoverer Christopher Columbus. It should be emphasized that this system of forced use of labor of aboriginal origin was based on three fundamental principles or maxims:
-The compulsory remuneration, based on the amounts established by the existing authorities.
-The weekly rotation.
-Coercion over indigenous people.
It was in countries such as Guatemala or Mexico where this distribution had the greatest development and use during the aforementioned centuries. A system that established that they had to work in a forced way in the tasks that were indicated to them by the aborigines who were male and who were between 16 and 60 years old.
When the abolition of this system of forced use of labor became really effective it was in the year 1812, through the well-known Spanish Constitution of that year, which was popularly called La Pepa. A complete abolition of the same to which a series of nuances and issues were also added to ensure that not only this measure was made known in all the corners where the distribution of Indians had been used but also to make it really effective.
In the Middle AgesFinally, the distribution was a process which consisted of distributing the homes of those towns reconquered by the Christians among the soldiers who participated in the campaign.