Regional is a term that comes from the Latin word regionalis. It is an adjective that makes it possible to refer to what is linked to a region (the fraction of territory whose limits are determined by different administrative, economic, geographical characteristics, etc.).
For example: “Analysts attribute the growth of the regional economy to the increase in the price of raw materials that are exported to the main international markets”, “The regional government authorities expressed their concern about the situation of violence in the neighboring country”, “The Ecuadorian tennis player became champion of the Regional Tournament and advanced two places in the national ranking”.
Due to the large number of meanings of the concept of region, regional can refer to different things. It is usually associated with something that encompasses different cities, provinces or countries. A regional championship of footballTo cite one possibility, you can bring together teams from different locations in the same competition.
When talking about a regional transportationIt is about the one that unites different cities of the same region. For example, it may be a regional railway with stations in various locations.
A Regional hospital, a regional meeting, a regional government and a regional congress are others institutions or events that are characterized by transcending a single locality.
One of the most important aspects of culture It is the kitchen, although in some countries it has more weight than in others, or they specialize more in sweet or savory dishes, hot or cold. Many factors characterize the culinary trends of a region, including its climate, agricultural resources, and age. In this context, we speak of regional cuisine to encompass all the dishes, the techniques and the ingredients characteristic of a region.
Regional cuisine is one of the most attractive points for tourists, especially in countries such as Spain, Italy and France, to name just a few examples, which stand out for their quality of its gastronomy. However, there is an important distinction between this concept and that of national cuisine, since the latter brings together the dishes that best represent all its regions, especially those that use ingredients that can be found throughout the country.
The existence of regional cuisine would not be possible without tradition, since it is the feeling of membership and the will to keep the features of a region alive, which prompts many people to pass on their knowledge related to their culture to their descendants, to ensure that they continue the process indefinitely.
It is important to note that many times the dishes that are presented as symbols of a region or a nation have not been prepared following the correct techniques and ingredients to the letter. This occurs for different reasons: on the one hand there are food stores that focus on the serialization of its products to facilitate manufacturing processes; but it also occurs as the result of a natural deformation of the recipes through emigration.
In other words, the regional cuisine of a city or Province It can be simplified to adapt to the needs of a restaurant chain that aims to conquer the international market, or it can be deformed when reaching other parts of the world, in the absence of ingredients, for example. Pizza and paella, without a doubt, they are two of the dishes with the most international versions, and few know the true traditional recipes.
The idea of regional policyFinally, it is usually linked to political issues that affect several countries in the same area. South American regional policy is the responsibility of nations What Brazil, Argentina, chili, Venezuela Y Uruguay, among others.