RegionA region is a region that differs from the rest due to its historical, social, cultural or geographical characteristics. In some countries, the counties are administrative entities formed by several municipalities.

The delimitation of a region may be due to different reasons and interests. In general, the delimited territory is intended to have a identity own, in which its inhabitants recognize themselves.

On Spain, the regions are territorial divisions that only in some autonomous communities have legal status. It is possible to find more than a hundred counties with legal existence in Galicia, Aragon, Catalonia and others communities.

The region of La Coruña, for example, is found in northwestern Galicia and is made up of nine municipalities: Sada, Oleiros, Culleredo, Cambre, Arteijo, Carral, Bergondo, Abegondo and Corunna. About 400,000 persons They are distributed over an area of ​​470.7 square kilometers in this Spanish region.

The Alcalá regionOn the other hand, it has no formal or legal delimitation. It is situated in the Madrid’s community and has a Alcala de Henares as a header. Almost 800,000 inhabitants live together in this region, which includes 45 municipalities.

In the field of fiction counties also appear. JRR Tolkien, on “The Lord of the rings”, created a territory known in our language as The Shire (or The Shire, in the original text), which is found in the region of Eriador, in the northwest of Middle Earth. This fictional region, in the universe devised by TolkienIt has an area of ​​55,000 square kilometers.

The only ones population of La Comarca are the hobbits, a race that is related to ours although it is characterized by its short stature. Its known history is scant and, since the hobbits They are very peaceful beings, no events of great importance have taken place in it, except for the events of the War of the ring (a war conflict in which two sides oppose each other to seize the Single ring).

RegionRegarding the etymology of the term region, the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy indicates that its origin is found in the combination of the word Mark with the prefix co-. Although this may seem obvious given that neither of the two parts has undergone any modification, neither orthographic nor phonetic, the semantic evolution of region It is of a not inconsiderable complexity, and its current use in Spanish territory is quite recent.

In its beginnings, the meaning of the word region it was the same as boundary, that is to say, ‘a space found in the limit between two territories’, and this was due to the original definition of Mark, which alluded to “a sign or an edge limit.” So much so that even today it is correct to use the verb command to denote the action of ‘confine’ or ‘limit’, as well as the adjective comarcano with the meaning of “adjoining.”

Although there are many citations in which this term appears in reference to the space that is found around a certain place or to the one in which it is inserted, the old dictionaries define it as «a territory frontier«. In this way, the Authorities Dictionary of 1729 gives it the meaning of “a country close to a place or territory, which is found in its contour.”

The Dictionary of Spanish Geographical Voices, published in 1796 by the Royal Academy of History, gives region this same sense, since it defines it as a «district of the contour ». On the other hand, two decades earlier, the Royal Spanish Academy itself had defined this term as “territory comprised of a people and all of its surroundings”; it was not until 1832 that he gave it the meaning that remains to this day, of “a territory divided into several towns.”