In Latin. It is in this language that we can find the etymological origin of the term regency, which means “quality of the ruler” and which derives from “regentia”. One word is made up of three different parts:
-The verb “regere”, which is synonymous with “rule”.
-The particle “-nt-“, which is used to indicate the agent.
-The suffix “-ia”, which can be translated as “quality”.
Regency is a concept that is linked to the verb govern (direct, manage). The notion is often used to name the temporary government that assumes a person when the legitimate monarch is absent or unable to exercise his functions for any reason.
The individual who governs on behalf of the incumbent is known as regent. Once the legitimate monarch can resume his duties, the regent ceases to perform functions and the regency comes to an end.
The regency is a mechanism of the monarchy. In democratic regimes, there is another government structure that contemplates how to replace the president. In general, there is a hierarchical scale that indicates who assumes power temporarily and under what conditions, according to what is established by the Constitution.
In the monarchiesInstead, the king is replaced by someone close to him such as his son, father or mother. The regency, therefore, is usually exercised by a direct relative of the monarch. An example of regency took place in France in the XVII century, when the mother of Louis XIV, Anne from Austria, assumed power.
In the case of the history of Spain, we find a large number of regencies that brought with them the most disparate consequences. For this reason, in the 1978 Constitution, an article was established, article 59, which specifies exactly the only two situations in which the figure of the regent may exist:
-When the holder of the Crown is a minor, the figure of the regent will be established until he reaches 18 years of age. The person in charge of occupying that role will be their father or mother or the oldest relative who is closest to the throne in what is the line of succession.
-When the holder of the Crown is in a situation in which he is absolutely unable to perform the functions that are proper to him. In the case, the exercise of the regency will be carried out by his hereditary to the throne if he were greater and if he were minor, it would be chosen to follow what is indicated in the first cited case.
This without forgetting that the aforementioned Magna Carta establishes that the person who acts as regent must have Spanish nationality and be of legal age.
Regency is also the name of a style of art that developed in France in the century XVIII and of an architectural movement that had its peak in England during the early years of XIX century.
In the field of astrologyFinally, regency is called the close link that exists between a star and a sign zodiacal and that determines the characteristics of the Astral chart.