Reform is the action and effect of reforming or reforming. East verb, for its part, refers to re-forming, redoing, modifying something, amending or correcting the conduct of a person.
For example: “We started the renovation of the house two months ago and we still have not completed even half of the works”, “The opposition candidate promotes a constitutional reform to prevent indefinite reelection”, “The reform of the stadium requires an investment of more than thirty million dollars”.
The reform is usually an initiative or a draft that seeks to implement an innovation or achieve an improvement in a system or a structure. This reform can take place on something physical and concrete (such as a house), or on a symbolic or abstract question (a law, a mode of organization, etc.).
The reform of a house It may include building a new environment, changing the floor covering, applying paint to the walls, and roofing an outside environment.
In order to reform legislation, the implementation of various mechanisms is required depending on the country or region. Generally, a broad social consensus and agreement between different political sectors is needed.
Within the scope of Law, the term in question also acquires special relevance. And it is that the word reform appeal is used, which is the resource that is decided to file to request a judge to change the resolution that has taken in exchange. It is important to underline that this process can only be carried out when the resolution is not a final judgment.
Likewise, it is also often talked about what the constitutional reform would be. That is the one whose purpose is, as its name indicates, to undertake changes in the Constitution of the relevant country.
In the case of Spain, for example, two reforms have taken place on the 1978 Magna Carta. The first took place in 1992 and affected article 13.2, which refers to foreigners in the country and more specifically to passive suffrage and asset they can have in it.
The second reform, on the other hand, was undertaken in 2011 and consisted of fully replacing Article 135, which deals with the principle of budgetary stability, public debt and the structural deficit.
Currently, what has been called energy reform has acquired special relevance. Under this denomination is the process by which it is being indicated that the different industries in the electricity sector are going to proceed to make changes both in terms of infrastructures and services. The objective of all this is that both the citizen and the entities themselves are more satisfied with the results.
In the field of religion, the Reform (with initial capital letter) was a movement that arose in the century XVI and which led to the creation of the Protestant Churches. In general, reforms are known as all movements that established some type of change in a dogma or in the organization of a religion.