Reforestation is he process and consequence of reforesting. East verb makes mention of re-sow or cultivate on an area that had lost its forest (plants, trees, etc.).
For example: “The national government announced a new reforestation plan for the north of the country”, “With the aim of counteracting the effects of climate change, the environmental organization promotes the reforestation of mountains and mountains”, “The reforestation day will begin at 9 am and will last until dusk”.
It is generally accepted that reforestation takes place on land that, at some point in the last five decades, have been covered by plants but that, for some reason, they have lost their vegetation.
There are several causes that can lead to deforestation: the overexploitation of forest resources, a fire, a drought, the advance of urbanized areas and the increase in the number of livestock are some of them. When deforestation occurs and then it is intended to regain vegetation on said lands, reforestation is carried out.
By repopulating an area with plants, reforestation brings many benefits: it helps to absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen, protects the soil from the consequences of erosion, provides a barrier against the wind and allows the production of wood.
Beyond the importance of reforestation, it is necessary that the authorities take charge of prevent the advance of deforestation. Once the loss of the forest resources, your recovery can take a long time and require a lot of effort.
Reforestation is necessary to save the stability temperature of our planet, but this task should not be left solely in the hands of the government or the owners of large tracts of land; Conversely, we can all participate with our grain of sand, which can consist of planting a fruit or ornamental tree in the space we have available, which can be as big as a garden or as small as a flowerpot.
It is important to understand that reforestation is not a one-dimensional processTherefore, it does not consist simply in recovering the trees that have been lost in deforestation, but there are different techniques that must be combined to carry it out successfully. It is very easy to deforest, but very slow and complicated to reforest, with much more probability of error.
Some of the factors that must be taken into account when preparing a reforestation plan include the following:
* the weather: decisive in terms of the kind of trees that can be planted, since not all can withstand extreme cold or heat, for example;
* rains: the humidity It is another of the fundamental points, since each species of tree has its own needs in this regard;
* the landAlthough certain types of trees have great adaptability, others only manage to develop if they are found in terrain with very specific characteristics;
* height: each species of tree has a limit with respect to the height above sea level to survive, for which its reforestation ignoring this factor would end in an inevitable failure;
* solar exposition: competition between several species of trees by receiving sunlight can prevent the development of some of them, even when all the previous considerations have been respected. Similarly, too much sun exposure can be fatal to some types of trees;
* population density: the distance between one tree and another must be adequate so that everyone can access sunlight and nutrients necessary for their growth;
* soil depth: For a successful reforestation, attention must also be paid to the root system of each tree species, since not all can grow in soils of equal depth.