Re-election is the action and result of re-election. This verb refers to choose something again. The use of the term, in any case, is associated with the field of politics.
Re-election, in this sense, consists of re-voting for an official to continue occupying the same position. In this way, citizens ratify their confidence in the political leader in question and they return to give him the responsibility to fulfill another mandate.
Whether or not re-election is authorized depends on the Constitution. It must be borne in mind that, for reelection to exist, there must be elections (the mechanism through which the inhabitants cast their vote to determine which people will exercise power). In a dictatorship, as the people do not elect the rulers, there is no re-election, but the leaders assume power de facto.
The Latin locution de facto can be translated as ‘de facto’, and in the realm of politics and laws refers to things that occur without legal recognition, simply by force. In the opposite way, there is the locution de jure, which serves to describe the events or actions “of law”. It should be mentioned that, although both groups of words are accepted by the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy, they must be written in italics to indicate that they come from another language.
In a democratic country with a republican regime, elections are held every certain number of years to decide who will occupy the position of president. If, upon fulfilling his mandate, the President he is legally entitled to stand for election again and thus give citizens the opportunity to vote for him again, then his re-election is possible.
On ArgentinaFor example, presidents can only run for reelection. Then, they must be at least one period away from the presidency before they can run again. This is how Carlos Menem was elected president in 1989 and re-elected in nineteen ninety five. On 1999, when he completed his second term, he could not stand for presidential elections, something he did again in 2003.
There is talk of immediate presidential re-election to describe the action of a president running for reelection while still in office exercise, seeking to extend his mandate in the directly subsequent cycle. Depending on the characteristics of each ruler, this carries a series of advantages and disadvantages. For example, in the case of a president trying to carry out a series of reforms beneficial to the people, giving him more time in power is positive, since changes can be more profound and lasting.
On the other hand, from the point of view of oppositionTrying to compete against a reelection campaign is not easy, since the position of a president trying to be reelected is usually advantageous when it comes to propaganda. Of course, a situation of this kind can help the adversaries to include in their campaigns the mistakes made by the acting president, and also the situations that occur in the social, economic and political spheres during these dates can diminish the confidence of the people in his current president, wasting his efforts to be reelected.
Scholars of the subject point out various factors to take into account when evaluating the benefits and harms of reelection, among which the most important are the Balance of powers; Given the complexity of a presidential mandate, it is very difficult to determine whether allowing a person to assume office for two or more terms puts the security of a country at risk, if the ideal of balance in the distribution of power is violated.