In poetry they are classified within the genre of art less those poems that have a particular structure whose verses are eight syllables or less. In turn, within this classification there are many types of possible structures; the most popular is that of eight syllable verses. Within the eight-syllable verses the round that has stanzas composed of four verses of eight syllables each with rhyme of type ABBA (the first verse rhymes with the fourth and the second with the third).
It is worth mentioning that an eight-syllable verse is not necessarily made up of the same number of grammatical syllables (the number it literally has). This is because the metrics of a verse is measured by the number of defined sounds in a phrase and not by the number of spelling syllables.
It often happens that some people confuse the round with the quartet but both are clearly differentiated. Although the quartet also has a consonant rhyme of ABBA format, the number of syllables in each of its verses is greater than eight, generally hendecasyllable; in this case we will be facing a poem of major art.
One of the authors who made the term more popular was Sor Juana Ines De La Cruz whose most famous poem is titled “Redondillas” and, as expected, it consists of a long poem with this structure. Saying poem starts with the verse “Foolish men you accuse…” and, because of this beginning, it is also usually titled “Foolish men who accuse women without reason” Or simply, “Foolish men”.
Among the best-known examples of redondillas, it is also worth mentioning, in addition to the aforementioned poem by Juana Inés de la Cruz, “La copa de las hada”, a well-known poem by Ruben Dario that went around the world and is still recited in poetic circles.
In the context of typography, finally, the round is a round shape letter, which stands out for its circular and vertical lines. It may be a letter of printing or made by hand. In general, it can be said that the round is a letter with a more rounded appearance and wider in size than ordinary letters.
History of the redondilla
The redondilla arose in the Spanish letters of the XII century in a type of poetic construction known as jarchas. It should be noted that it is believed that the first redondillas were written by the clergy of the religious poetry of the Middle Ages and they were characterized by being works generally written in Latin that were recited in religious acts.
It is considered that it was their great facility to be pronounced in public spaces that made them so popular. This made it an ideal structure for compositions such as minstrels. The great facility of our language to adapt to this type of rhyme, made them extremely effective for popular creations and even a new genre was created that received the name of profane rounds, extremely popular also in the Golden Age. However, its true popularity was reached during the so-called Spanish Golden Age, in which important references of Castilian poetry emerged that made use of this type of poetry.
At this time it was used for the creation of songs and carols and also in the theater, where numerous works composed in verse arose. Later, during the neoclassical period, it began to lose popularity, due to the insertion of the hendecasyllable verse taken from Italian poetry, which gained unusual importance.
Finally, the romantic poets returned to the bases of the octosyllable verse, using the round to explore all the possibilities of this structure. The modernist poetry It also leans on the round; so much so that in this period there are numerous authors who cultivate it.