Renaissance is the consequence of rebirth (to be born again). The concept is usually used to name the resurgence wave revivification of something or someone. For instance: “After several months of poor results, the tennis player won three consecutive tournaments and confirmed his rebirth”, “The rebirth of the city occurred thanks to the boom in tourism”, “The fourth album was the rebirth of the singer”.
When the idea is capitalized (Renaissance), refers to a historical period Y artistic movement that was developed in Europe between XV century and the century XVI.
Originating in Italy, the Renaissance was characterized by a revaluation of the classic culture of the Ancient Rome and the Ancient Greece. Renaissance artists tried to represent nature and reality faithfully and were interested in various branches of the world. art and of the science.
Leonardo da Vinci is one of the greatest exponents of Renaissance. “The Last Supper”, “The Mona Lisa” Y “The vitruvian man” are some of the most famous works of this men that, in addition to being a painter and sculptor, he excelled in innumerable scientific areas. On the other hand, his various inventions are also appreciated.
One of the main characteristics of the Renaissance was a kind of return to Antiquity, in that various methods and ideas of the past reappeared, such as the following: ancient beliefs, symbolic elements that were adopted again, themes related to the mythological plane, ancient architectural forms, the classical order, ancient plastics and motifs formal that were used again. This was not a mere reinsertion of isolated components, but the result of their assessment and an attempt to merge it with the wisdom of the time.
In the Renaissance, the relationship that human beings had with nature was also renewed, something that was linked to the realistic and ideal way in which science was conceived. Seeking a rational foundation for the idea of beauty he relied on mathematical knowledge. It is important to note that, in the same way as in Antiquity, in the Renaissance people aspired to unveil the secrets of nature in order to enter into all its concepts, to immerse themselves in them and not merely to register them as part of the to know human.
The human being became the rule by which all things were measured during the Renaissance. The artists, based on this new way of observe the world, they freed themselves from certain characteristics typical of the Middle Ages and began to rely on scientific training, which positioned them in the highest social rank.
Much of the upper class felt a deep interest in art, and it was not uncommon for artists to be commissioned endless original pieces for private use, a fact that partly explains the rise of art associated with this historical period. In addition to Leonardo da Vinci, we can name Raphael, Titian, Michelangelo, Donatello and Botticelli, among the most prominent figures of the Renaissance.
Beyond the Renaissance of the XV century, historians often use the notion to name other stages that are characterized by a splendor of art and science that comes after a crisis or complicated periods. Thus one can speak, to cite a case, of the Harlem Renaissance, which took place in this neighborhood of New York in the decade of 1920.
The Harlem Renaissance marked a resurgence of black art that took place among citizens of African American descent in the New York neighborhood. Among the fundamental components of this period of artistic rebirth, especially painting, literature and Jazz stood out.