In order to establish the meaning of the term ratification, it is necessary that, first of all, we proceed to determine its etymological origin. In this sense, we can say that it is a word that derives from Latin, since it is the sum of two components of that language:
-The adjective “ratus”, which can be translated as “valid” or “ratified”.
-The verb “facere”, which is synonymous with “do”.
Ratification is the process and the result of ratify. East verb refers to the fact affirm, validate or sanction something. When a fact, a speech, a text, a regulation, etc., are ratified, their certainty or validity is confirmed.
For instance: “The ratification of the measures suggested by the Minister of Economy demonstrates his power within the government”, “There is still the ratification of the club president, but everything indicates that the coach will continue to be in charge of the team”, “I didn’t think Fabian was capable of saying something like that but, after hearing his ratification of the sayings, I had to convince myself”.
In the field of right, we speak of a ratification when a subject consent that the consequences of a legal act that, in principle, would not affect him, also reach him.
This means that the legal act in question, when it was originated, had no link with the individual providing the ratification. Due to what is known as the principle of the autonomy of the will, the establishment of the effects on the person It is only possible after ratification, while the rest of the parties were already affected by the legal consequences from the first moment.
What allows ratification, ultimately, is that the effect of a legal act reaches a third party from the approval that it grants. Suppose there is a promise that it is foreign to a person: if this person gives its ratification, it will add to the scope of the promise of its own free will, even when, in its origin, it had not given consent to it.
Within the field of family law, the term ratification is also frequently used. Thus, for example, it is referred to in relation to divorce by mutual consent. Specifically, it is established that the two parties, upon reaching an agreement on a series of rights and duties as of their separation, must not only sign the agreement they have signed but must also proceed to its ratification before the courts. Why? For several fundamental causes, among which is the fact that as one of the two breaches the agreement, the other will be forced to sue him through a process that will be much slower and more expensive.
In the field of sports, the constant use of the term at hand is also used. Thus, for example, it is used to refer to when the board of directors of a specific club, despite the defeats suffered by the team, decides to keep the person who occupies it in the position of coach and thus makes it known publicly.