The Latin word rapax became, in our tongue, on rapacious. The term is used as an adjective in the zoology to qualify the prey birds or prey. Birds of prey, therefore, are those that appeal to the hunting to procure food.
A Raptor, therefore, it makes use of its claws and its beak to catch its prey, kill it and eat its meat. Thanks to their anatomical characteristics, these birds can feed on animals that are much larger than they are in size.
In some cases, raptors are also scavengers (that is, they feed on animals that are already dead, without the need to hunt them). The condor, eagle, seagull, vulture, hawk, and owl are some types of bird of prey.
In addition to all the above, we cannot ignore the fact that, as a general rule, raptors are divided into two large groups:
-The nocturnal or strigiform, which are great hunters, very solitary and that, as their name indicates, carry out nocturnal activities. They can feed on other birds as well as small mammals, insects and even fish. Within this group, in turn, there are two types: strigid, such as owls, which are made up of up to two hundred different species and eat invertebrates or small invertebrates; and the titons, like the owls. The latter are identified because they are not migratory birds and because they are medium in size and have a broad head.
-The diurnal or falconiforms, of which there are more than three hundred different species, and which are characterized by being robust, have a very sharp, hook-shaped beak, have short legs and are very stout plumage.
It is also important to know that the so-called diurnal raptors can be classified, in turn, into five different groups:
-The pandionids, which can be found in many corners of the world and take their name from the Greek king of Athens called Pandion. Example is the osprey.
-The sagittarids, which are identified by their feathers on the upper part and their black legs. Among them is the secretary.
-Cathartids, like certain vultures.
-The accipitrids, such as goshawks and eagles.
-The falconids, such as kestrels and hawks.
It is known as falconry to technique which consists of training raptors for hunting. It is a medieval discipline that, over time, gradually disappeared, although it is still preserved as a tradition or sports practice in some regions.
In a symbolic sense, the adjective rapacious is used to qualify those subjects who are engaged in certain types of crimes, as the rapine or the theft. The meaning of the notion is a kind of analogy with what birds do when they attack their prey.
Suppose a man He walks down a street and, suddenly, he is approached by three criminals who, in a few seconds, beat him, take his wallet and his phone and leave, leaving him badly injured. Given this fact, it could be said that the victim was approached by three raptors.