Rally is a word from the tongue English that is also used in our language to name a car competition that develops by sections and off a track. In addition to automobiles, in some rallies vans, trucks and motorcycles can participate.
A rally takes place in a road or in a open ground, with a pre-established route by the race organization. Once all the stages are completed, the time: the winner of the rally will be the competitor who has added less time and that, therefore, it has been the fastest in crossing the different routes of the competition.
Another important difference between the rally and the motor racing that takes place on a track is that, in the rally, each competitor runs in lonely, with a minute of difference between one participant and another. This means that the vehicles often do not cross during the race.
There are national and international rally championships. Just as in the Formula 1 the pilots accumulate points according to the results of the different races, in the World Rally Championship Points are added according to the performance in the different rally events that take place in countries such as Argentina, Spain, Australia, France, Greece, Finland and Sweden, among others.
There’s also rallies special events that are not part of a championship, but rather specific events. The most famous in the world is the Dakar rally, a RAID That was born in 1979 and that, in its origins, led competitors to unite Europe and Africa.
The history of the rally is difficult to pin down, given that the first motorized races did not have a well-defined organization, which distinguished between, for example, Formula 1 and Rally, as is the case today. The printed evidence leads us to think that the term itself was used for the first time in 1911, to give the name to the Monte Carlo Rally, although it is believed that it was not widely accepted until the middle of the century, when Europe adopted this word to baptize its competitions and France altered it slightly to make it a ‘rally’.
In the late 1800s, a few decades before anyone coined the term rally, humans began to search for new ways to compete, and that’s how car racing was born. As mentioned in the previous paragraph, the first organizations were not very strict or structured, but in each meeting they used to make certain adjustments that gradually gave shape to the organizations. modalities that we know today.
The first automobile competitions had in common with the rally that the roads were open. Their departure and arrival points used to be in different cities. In 1894, for example, a famous race (the oldest ever documented) was held that linked the French cities of Paris and Rouen. Later, the goals they began to transcend the limits of the nation itself, to reach neighboring countries, such as Germany and Austria.
One of the first problems they had to face in the rallies of the time were the differences between the engines of used cars within the same competition, since there were not always well-defined rules in this regard, and such diversity could be reflected in an imbalance that harmed those who had the technology less advanced.
At present, the rally faces certain obstacles in some countries of the world, since its practice threatens the integrity of natural spaces that serve as a stage. Such is the case of the Dakar in South America, which involves Argentina, Chile and Peru in a fight between those who want this competition to continue and those who denounce the large percentage of destruction it causes in an area of heritage archaeological.