In order to discover the meaning of the term textual quotation, we are going to first know what the etymological origin of the two words that give it shape is:
-Quote is a term derived from Latin. Specifically, it comes from the Latin verb “citare”, which can be translated as “quote” or “boost”.
-Textual, on the other hand, also comes from Latin. In his case, it comes from “textualis” which means “just as it was said or written.” It is a Latin word that is made up of two different parts: the noun “textus”, which refers to the “set of words that shape a passage”, and the suffix “-al”, which is used to indicate “relative to”.
What is a verbatim quote
The notion of appointment it has several uses. In this case we are interested in its meaning as a mention or one note It serves as proof of something that is pointed out. Textual, for its part, is that of a text or agree with it.
A verbatim quote, therefore, consists of the exact reproduction of an expression, which is inserted into a speech own. The main characteristic of the textual quotation is that its original formulation is maintained, unlike what happens with the paraphrase.
Reasons for its use
There are many reasons for being able to carry out the use of one or more verbatim citations. Thus, for example, they can be used to reinforce an idea, to start a debate, to mention the sources of a work, to expand a text, to clarify an idea …
That is, verbatim quotes are used to provide a context reference and how additional source of data. It is also a disclosure mechanism from other authors. How to include a verbatim quote obtained from a construction site protected by intellectual property rights is regulated by law to avoid plagiarism.
Thus, when a person includes a verbatim quote from another individual in your own text, you must mention exactly where you extracted the expression in question, including the author’s name, the publication from which you took the phrase and other information. There are also limits that set how many words can be cited without falling into a simple copy.
In newspapers, magazines and websites, it is common to include verbatim quotes from the protagonists of the news. As in this case the quotes usually come from public statements or own interviews, the ways of including them in the own text are variable and not so rigid. In general, what is cited is published between quotation marks or in Cursive letter (italics).
Types of textual citation
In addition to all the above, we can establish that there are several types of textual citations such as the following:
-Short textual quote, which is the one with less than 40 words. It is entered in the text with a double quotation mark.
-Long textual quotation, which is the one that has more than 40 words and is written without quotation marks and on a new line.
Not forgetting that there are also the short textual quotation with emphasis on the author, the short textual quotation with emphasis on the year or the short textual quotation with emphasis on the content.
How to quote
The rules The most popular ones to make a verbatim quote correctly and fairly with the author follow the style APA, acronym that comes from English American Psychological Association (American Psychological Association), which developed a standard that authors use when submitting their work to be published in their journals.
According to the American Psychological Association, the development of said standard took place to facilitate reading comprehension in social and behavioral science documents, and to make communication as clear as possible, without unnecessary elements that divert the attention of the main ones.
The style APA establishes the use of parentheses in the text itself, unlike others that rely on footnotes in the text or document. The citation must include information about the author and the date of publication. There are two fundamental ways of making a verbatim quote following the guidelines of the APA, each one focused on the aspect we want to emphasize.
One of the two options is to do emphasis in the author, something very common when the text we wish to quote directly expresses his ideas or his position on a particular topic. The other is precisely to focus especially on the content, and in this case the author goes into the background. It is worth mentioning that the APA contemplates both the verbatim quote and the paraphrase.
Omissions and cuts in a verbatim quote
When quoting verbatim, certain words or even entire phrases may be omitted if they are not deemed necessary to reflect the main ideas of the content; If we make the decision to shorten the quote in this way, then we must replace the missing parts with an ellipsis. With regard to the reference data, it is necessary to indicate the last name of the author, the year in which the original text was published and, if it was a book or a magazine, the page number in which it was found.
In a textual quote focused on the author whose length is less than 40 words, we can elaborate the following structure: Author’s last name (year) it states: “verbatim quote, with eventual omissions expressed in the form of (…)»(page number, with the format p.number). For example: Tanaka (2014) states: «This situation has always been like this, (…). I don’t think things are going to change »(p.105).