Adjective, from Latin adiectivus, is a kind of word that qualifies or determines a noun. Adjectives fulfill their function by specifying or highlighting properties that are attributed to the noun in question.
The adjectives are the most frequent since they indicate a quality of the noun, either concrete or abstract. For instance: “The car is blue” includes a qualifying adjective (“blue”) that refers to a specific characteristic (the color of the “car”). Instead, the expression “The car is horrible” indicates an abstract and subjective quality (“horrible”).
How to find a qualifying adjective
Qualifying adjectives generally allow you to answer the question “How is it?” the noun. In our example above: “What is the car like? The car is blue “, “What is the car like? The car is horrible ”.
This question can be answered with more than one qualifying adjective: “What is the car like? The car is blue, big, old and horrible ”.
Classification according to type
Qualifying adjectives can be divided into specifics (when the expressed quality is necessary to understand the meaning of the sentence: “Tomorrow I will rehearse with the red guitar”) or explanatory (The quality is not essential to understand the sentence, but the adjective is used as an expressive resource: “Right now I am looking at the majestic ocean”).
In our idiom, the adjectives must agree with the noun in gender and number. The qualifying adjective, in its usual use, coincides with the noun (if the noun is masculine, the adjective is masculine: “The dog is cute”). If the adjective qualifies more than one noun, it must be used in the plural (“Carlos’s children are blond”). When the adjective qualifies several nouns of different gender, finally, it has to be mentioned in masculine (“The pants and shirt are modern”).
Apocope of qualifying adjectives and other adjectives
In Spanish, certain adjectives have a short form, and this phenomenon of grammar is known as apocope, which consists of suppressing vowel sounds at the end of some words. Common examples include the following:
“I have a Dutch friend », «I know it is a good man”, I’m not going through a good moment”, I adapted from the first Workday”, «Carlos is the third son of Nora », I hope to find some interesting project », “I have not received no message this morning ».
In each of the prayers Just exposed, the apocopated form of one of the following adjectives is used: one, good, bad, first, third, some and none. It should be noted that both some What no have an accent, since when removing the last vowel they become acute words ending in n. On the other hand, it is interesting to note that the apocope is only used when the noun that must be modified is masculine, since in the case of feminine the or end by one to:
“a friend Dutch », “a good woman”, «none call”.
The case of “big” and “anyone”
Adjective big, on the other hand, represents a particular case, since it should be apocopated only in the cases in which its meaning it is “remarkable” or “admirable”, and it is placed before the noun it modifies, as in the following examples:
“It’s a big skater”, “Just one big singer can do this role justice ».
If, on the other hand, the adjective refers to the size of a thing or a living being (sometimes, also to age, if it is advanced), then it should not be apocopated or placed in front of the noun, but behind it:
«My hometown is surprisingly big«, «Your son is very big«.
Another very common adjective in speech everyday it is any, and also has its apocopated form: any. This is used when it is placed before a singular noun, either masculine or feminine:
«Any person can understand this concept », “These are the basic specifications of any product of this family ».