Pronunciation, from Latin pronuntiatio, is the action and effect of pronouncing (articulate and make sounds to speak; highlight; resolve; declare for or against something or someone). The concept is used to name the way or the way in which the words.
For instance: “It is easy to distinguish the English from the Americans by their pronunciation”, “The language teacher told me that I have to practice my pronunciation”, What is the correct pronunciation of the Murray surname? Murrai or Marri? “.
The same word can be pronounced in different ways. Usually only one pronunciation is correct, while the others are deviations from the language by different sociolinguistic factors.
The usual thing is that, despite the different pronunciations, the interlocutors can understand each other. That’s what happens if they talk a Argentinian and a Spanish, or a U.S and a Jamaican. However, if the pronunciation of certain words differs greatly from the usual pronunciation, a conflict in understanding may arise.
On the other hand, the individual pronunciation of each word is complemented by the intonation of the prayer, which in some languages generates considerable changes. By taking this factor into account, the difficulty of understanding between people from different regions can be even greater.
Geographic region, social class, age, and education are some factors that affect pronunciation. In everyday language, it is known as accent to the pronunciation modality: “I think this man is not from here: he has a very strange accent”, “I realized that you are Catalan because of your accent”.
Within oneself country, it is usual that there are different accents throughout its entire length, and the differences between them can be from subtle alterations in the sound of a vowel to the complete omission of a syllable, or the change of the accented syllable in certain words . This does not happen so drastically in all languages, which is due to several factors: English has many different accents and together they exceed two thousand possible sound combinations (this number varies according to the study), while Japanese it barely exceeds a hundred.
In Spain, for example, it is easy to distinguish the people of Madrid from the people of Malaga, since the former tend to strongly mark most of the consonants and pronounce the d final as one z (“Madrid”, pronounced by a Madrilenian, sounds like “Madriz”), while in Malaga the final letters of the words and the s tends to be pronounced as a z. However, this cannot be applied to all people born in these cities, since upbringing plays a fundamental role in the developing accent.
Apart from the hundreds of possible combinations of sounds and accentuations that may exist in each language, and their grouping according to geographical location, the particular accent of the people who are responsible for raising a child, among whom are not only parents but also teachers and the rest of the Their environment has a significant impact on the child’s accent formation.
Thus, if a person grows up in New York but their father is English and their mother Japanese, and if most of their teachers come from different parts of the country and other English-speaking countries, their accent is probably not. pure New Yorker.
Pronunciation, on the other hand, is a public speech or declamation that supposes the support or condemnation of a cause or to a person: “The governor’s pronouncement on the Senate scandal has surprised his supporters”, “Do not expect a pronunciation from me on that subject”.