Privilege we can say that it is a term that, etymologically speaking, comes from Latin. “Privilegium” is, specifically, the Latin word from which it emanates and it is made up of the sum of three clear components: “privus”, which is synonymous with “private”; “Legalis”, which is equivalent to “relative to the law”, and finally the suffix “-ium”, which can be translated as “indicative of relationship”.
Privilege is a special advantage or one exemption from an obligation that someone enjoys by the concession of a superior or by their own capacity and circumstance. The term is also used to name the document in which the granting of the privilege consists.
There are many ways to understand the concept of privilege. In a judicial or regulatory sense, the privilege may be a special permission granted by the authorities. The privileged, therefore, enjoy better conditions than ordinary citizens.
We would have to establish that there are many types of privileges, which have their peculiarities and which are worth knowing:
• Local privilege, which is one that is granted to a specific space and does not exist outside its borders.
• Personal privilege. This, as its name indicates, is one that is granted to a specific individual and is not transmitted to their successors.
• Hateful privilege, which is defined by the fact that when granted to a person it means that a third party is harmed.
• Remuneration privilege. In your case, we can determine that it is the one that is given as a reward to someone who has carried out an action that is worth being recognized, praised and rewarded.
In past centuries, we would have to say that there was what was called a nobleman of privilege. This was a term that was used to refer to that man who managed to become a nobleman, a nobleman, because he proceeded to buy that “title” or because it was granted directly to him by whoever was at that time acting as king, as a method of compensating various actions that he would have carried out in favor of the monarch.
By extension, it is known as privileged class to the one who has more can and wealth and that, therefore, constitutes a elite. At Old Regime, the nobility and the clergy they constituted the privileged estate and were maintained by the third estate (the common people).
At present, the upper class it is the privileged social group. Upper class is understood to be all the persons who have economic and productive means, have access to all services, live in comfortable houses, have savings, etc. The less privileged or the underprivileged, on the other hand, belong to the lower classes: they are poor, do not have access to health and education, subsist in precarious housing and suffer unemployment.
Beyond the socio-political conditions and the exercise of power, a privilege can be a natural and innate faculty. For instance: “Diego Maradona was born with the privilege of dominating the ball at will”, “Having perfect pitch is a privilege that I must thank nature”.