Even Latin you have to leave in order to find the etymological origin of the term presumption. Thus, we must know that it emanates from the word “praesumptio”, which is composed of three clearly differentiated parts:
• The prefix “pre-”, which can be translated as “ahead”.
• The verb “sumere”, which is equivalent to “take for oneself”.
• The suffix “-ción”, which is used to indicate “action and effect”.
Presumption is the action and effect of showing off. East verb often used in reference to suspect or guess something to have signs or indications for it, although it also has other uses. Said of a person, to show off is to have a high self-concept.
For instance: “The presumption of innocence is one of the pillars of the judicial system: the judge must prove that a defendant is guilty, and not the opposite”, “The manager is not interested in doing a market study: he has the presumption that the product will be a success”, “I don’t like artists who always speak presumptuously and think they are more important than they are”.
In the straight, is usually understood by presumption when legal recognition of a certain act or fact until proven otherwise. This means that an event is understood to be proven by the existence of budgets for it. In order to annul the presumption, it is necessary to present evidence against it that allows sustaining a truth other than the presumed one.
Thus, within the scope of Law, we would have to state that there are various types of presumption:
• Presumption of innocence. This term is used to make it clear that a person who has been accused in a criminal case is innocent until, through certain tests or confessions, the contrary is established and then confirmed by a final judicial sentence.
• Absolute presumption. It is all that which does not admit any evidence that proves that a fact or situation is false. It is also known as a presumption of law or a presumption of fact and law.
• Presumption of relative. In this case, we would have to say that it is the one that establishes that a circumstance is considered true until the opposite is proven. It is also called presumption of law or presumption of only right.
Regarding the presumption of innocence, we would have to say that it is not applied in all countries. Specifically, one of those who do bet on it is Spain. We could also underline that it is recognized and included in documents such as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
You can take the case of a marriage who just had a child. From a legal point of view, the paternity of the husband is presumed by the fact that he is married to the woman who has just given birth. To end this presumption, proof is needed to support a different paternity. The husband, on the other hand, does not have to present evidence to support his paternity.
The other meaning of the idea presumption, on the other hand, refers to a person who boasts of himself. One person may criticize the conceit of another who talks all day about his skills in the kitchen and his ability to prepare the best gastronomic dishes.