In Latin it is where the etymological origin of the word that we are going to analyze in depth is found below. More exactly that is found in the verb premere which is synonymous with “tighten” and from it the Catalan term emanated premsa, machine to compress, which is the one that gave rise to the current concept.
The press is a device that is used to compact. The term comes from Catalan premsa and is linked to exerting pressure or employing a strength. There are different types of press according to the use in question.
The presser, also known as mechanical press, is the machinery that, through an inertia flywheel, monopolizes Energy and transmits it pneumatically or mechanically to a die or a die. These presses, therefore, allow to carry out the process known as punching (the concretion of holes in very diverse materials, such as cardboard, plastics or metals).
The hydraulic press, on the other hand, it has a mechanism with communicating vessels that are set in motion by pistons and that, through various low-intensity forces, make it possible to achieve more intense ones.
The rotary press or popularly rotary It is a printing device in which what it prints is curved on a cylindrical surface and, therefore, uses continuous rolls that allows it to print large quantities with high speed.
This last machine is linked to another use of the press concept. The term is also used to name the facilities where it is printed, to the group of publications that are published regularly (such as newspapers) and the group of individuals who exercise social communication: “The footballer was outraged at the questions from the press”, “The singer was very kind to the press workers covering the conference”.
However, at this point it is necessary to talk about what is known as the press in the communication field. Specifically, this word refers to the set of communication media, especially the written ones, as well as the people who are in charge of working on them.
Daily, weekly, biweekly, monthly and yearly these publications can be cited based on the periodicity with which they reach the hands of their readers. However, they can also be classified based on the type of format they have: asabanado, tabloid, berliner, and interviewed.
The yellow press It is made up of tabloid publications that seek shock and curiosity, with big headlines of catastrophes, detailed photographs of crimes and accidents, etc. Another type of press is salmon press, dedicated to informing about economy and finance.
Likewise, this concept and its cited meaning give rise to a wide series of terms that use the word that we are analyzing. In this way, for example, we find what is known as a press conference, which is that meeting in which a number of journalists listen to the statements of a personality who will later be asked about the issues they consider. timely.
And all this without forgetting what is known as freedom of the press, which is the guarantee that journalists and the media have to publish their information without any power establishing censorship or control.