The Latin word praelatura arrived in Castilian as prelature. This is how the job Yet the dignity of the prelate: an ecclesiastical superior.
It is also known as personal prelature to institution headed by a prelate. The jurisdiction of these prelatures, according to the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE), it is not related to a specific territory.
It is therefore possible to differentiate between honorary prelature, the personal prelature and the territorial prelature. The honorary prelature It is usually granted to priests who make up the Roman curia, although it is also granted to religious from other parts of the world.
The personal prelature, meanwhile, is a institution governed by a prelate who does not have jurisdiction in a specific region. These prelatures develop pastoral tasks oriented to different social groups or areas.
Currently there is only one personal prelature: the Opus Dei, whose full name is personal prelature of the Holy Cross and Opus Dei. Pope John paul ii was in charge of establishing this personal prelature in 1982.
Refering to territorial prelature, it is a sector of the Catholic Church that cares especially for a certain place given its needs. Most of the territorial prelatures are in Latin America.
On Argentina, for example, is the territorial prelature of Humahuaca, which was entrusted to the Claretians and comprises departments of the provinces from Jujuy and Jump. The territorial prelature of Moyobamba on Peru, the territorial prelature of Santo Cristo de Esquípulas on Guatemala and the Territorial prelature of Cancún-Chetumal on Mexico are other organizations of this type.