The term that concerns us now is made up of two words, which come from Latin. First of all, there are pronouns, which emanates from “pronouns.” This word is the result of the sum of two components: the prefix “pro-“, which can be translated as “in front”, and the noun “nomen”, which is synonymous with “name”. Hence the definitive meaning of that union is “instead of name.”
Second, there is the word possessive, which also comes, etymologically speaking, from Latin. In your case, we can determine that it is the result of the evolution of the verb “posidere”. This was made up of “potis”, which is equivalent to “powerful”, and “sedere”, which means “to sit”.
The pronouns They are a kind of word that has no fixed referent since its determination is given by the relationship it establishes with other words that have already been named.
Within the group of personal pronouns (which express various grammatical categories, have no lexical content and usually refer to objects, animals or people), are the possessive pronouns.
These pronouns vary in form according to the category of grammatical person and appear next to the nouns to determine the possessor. The possessive pronoun makes the property, closeness, or relationship between a grammatical person and a grammatical element explicit.
In addition to all the above, we would have to highlight other information of interest about possessive pronouns such as the following:
• They are always used after the noun has been quoted.
• In the first person, both singular and plural, there are the following possessive pronouns: mine, mine, mine, mine, our, our, our and ours.
• In the case of the second person, there are these: yours, yours, yours, yours, yours, yours, yours and yours.
• In reference to the third person, we come across these possessive pronouns: yours, yours, yours and yours.
• Any pronoun of this type, you have to know that it will have the same gender and the same number as the noun it refers to.
• It is common to use expressions such as “mine” or “yours”, among others, to refer to what concerns or belongs to someone in question.
“Yours”, “Own”, “our” and “yours” are some examples of possessive pronouns. “That book is yours” is an expression that uses the possessive pronoun “yours” to refer to the property of a “book”. The comment is directed to the owner of the “book”; otherwise the sentence should be constructed differently (“That book is his”).
If he “book” outside of the speaker, the correct phrase would be “That book is mine”, since the personal pronoun “Own” indicates that the property of the book belongs to the person who pronounces the expression.
“Our teacher is called Jacinta”, “Give back to Mario what is his”, “Our players are the most expensive in the country” and “Is that car yours?” are other expressions with possessive pronouns.
It should be noted that these pronouns are very similar to the possessive adjectives, although possessive pronouns act independently and do not necessarily require the close presence of the noun they complement.