With origin in Latin adiectivus, adjective is a kind of word that expresses properties attributed to the noun to qualify or determine it. There is a wide variety of adjectives, such as qualifying and the demonstrative.
This time we will refer to the possessive adjectives, which indicate membership. These adjectives are divided into two groups of similar length, and the main characteristic of each one is its location with respect to the noun:
* the unstressed possessive adjectives (also called weak) should always be positioned in front of the noun they modify, and are the following: my, my, you, your, their, their, our / a / os / as, your / a / os / as. It is worth mentioning that “su” can be used in the second person in a formal conversation (“Has your son recovered, ma’am?”);
* the tonic possessive adjectives (also known as powerful) must always be placed after the noun they modify, and have a greater emphasis than unstressed ones. They are the following: mine, yours, yours, our, your. This force that characterizes them can be appreciated by contrasting the following sentences: «Indeed, this is me purse”, Hey, that wallet is mine! ».
According to its location within the prayer, the possessive adjective will be made explicit in a different way. When the adjective is written before the noun, it always agrees in number with the noun, while in the first and second person plural it also agrees in gender.
If the possessive adjective is written after, it agrees in number and gender with the noun. If there is a determinant, the noun will keep it.
Let’s look at an example of the use of possessive adjectives. “This is my book” is an expression that includes the adjective possessive “me” and that it reveals that the speaker has possession of a book. Another way to construct the same sentence is “That book is mine”, with the possessive adjective behind the noun. In the first case, the adjective is said to be possessive apocopado (“me”), while in the second one speaks of a full possessive adjective (“Own”).
“I like your hair style”, “Our friends are very funny”, “His sister is called Mariana”, “I appreciate your concern”, “That’s your problem”, “My God, help me!” and “Sir, here is your change” they are other sentences with possessive adjectives.
The possessive adjective has a constant presence in our idiom, and this happens from our first babbling days: we learn to speak through the recognition of our mother, our toys. Although over time we acquire enough vocabulary to turn our communication into a relatively complex process, we never abandon the need to assign each being and object its belongings and characteristics.
As mentioned above, the possessive adjective can be used both to connect two nouns and to emphasize their connection, and this leads to a wide variety of situations, depending on the intention of the subject. The first of these functions is usually necessary in a conversation or in a moderately long narrative, since throughout a description it is almost impossible not to establish a link between the objects, beings and emotions mentioned.
It is not always about relating a material good to its owner, but sometimes the flexibility of the possessive adjective is such that it helps us to provide information spatial, as with the expression “By his side”, which can also have an abstract meaning.
With regard to the emphasis that a tonic possessive adjective can provide, its use does not always reflect the same state of cheer up nor does it have the same intention; in a very calm and cordial person it can arise to react to the theft of their purse or to address their child with emotion, while in an individual of insolent and excessively insecure character it can be a common element in their communication to constantly mark their territory .