A regime it’s a system what makes it possible to establish and regulate the operation of something. The politics, meanwhile, is the management of public affairs and ideologically oriented decision making.
It is known as political regime, therefore, to the set of institutions Y laws that allow the organization of Condition and the exercise of power. Through the political regime, the access route to the government and the way in which the authorities can make use of their powers are determined.
Government and State
There are several concepts that are confused with the idea of political regime. The government regimeFor example, it refers to how the different powers of the State are linked (presidential regime, parliamentary regime, etc.). The state form, for its part, indicates how the can, the population and the territory.
With the political regime there is a paradoxical situation. The regime emanates from the will of the people, which determines the characteristics of the political regime. But, simultaneously, the very structure This regime ends up conditioning the will of the population.
Types of political regimes
There are various types of political regimes. Many theorists distinguish between democracy, the monarchy and the aristocracy. Another possible classification difference between the regimes with a single party and the pluralist regimes.
There are those who believe that a political regime can become corrupted and lead to something different, even if it maintains its institutions and its forms. Democracy, in this sense, could lead to demagogy, while the monarchy could be constituted as a tyranny.
In addition to those exposed, we can determine that there are other types of political regimes, such as the following:
-Republican regime. As its own name already indicates, in this system there is no monarch who acts as head of state, but rather a group of representatives, elected by the people at the polls, who are in charge of governing. That government does it in the name of the people who are the ones who have sovereignty.
-Oligarchic regime. It also responds to the name oligarchy and, if we study its etymology a bit, we can know what it means: the supreme power of a State is exercised only by a small group of people who belong to the same social class. Its origin is in Ancient Greece and it is considered that it ended up becoming a tyranny.
-Totalitarian regime. One of the most repudiated and feared political regimes throughout history is this, since the police and propaganda become the instruments of “pressure” and “submission” to the people. And it is that in this case there is neither the separation of powers nor sovereignty, the power is only held by the State, which “skips” all the basic rights and norms that are established in today’s society. Under this umbrella are both the fascist regime imposed in Italy by Mussolini and the Nazi regime carried out in Germany.
-Aristocratic regime. The sovereign power, the government of a State, in this case is held by a group of people who are considered to be the most suitable to carry out such work.