Before entering fully into the meaning of the term political geography, we are going to proceed to discover the etymological origin of the two words that shape it:
-Geography derives from the Greek. Specifically, it is the result of the sum of three lexical components of said language: the noun “ge”, which means “earth”; the verb “grapho”, which is synonymous with “draw” or “write”; and the suffix “-ia”, which is used to indicate a relationship.
-Politics, on the other hand, also emanates from Greek. In his case, it comes from the noun “polis”, which can be translated as “city”. Moreover, it is considered that its origin may be in the expression “politiké techne”, which means “the art of citizens”.
The science that is dedicated to describe our planet is called geography. According to its specific object of study, there are various branches of geography, each one focused on different issues.
The political geography is the specialization of geography that studies the organization and the distribution of the Humans and of the state on the land surface. In other words, this division of geography analyzes how the territory is distributed according to the space occupied by man.
The field of study of political geography is very broad and includes government systems, political processes, territorial organization and state institutions, among other issues. At a general level, it can be said that political geography investigates political events based on geographical factors, taking into account their influence on the functioning of the political system. Condition.
In this way, he dedicates himself to study of the relationships established between people, the State and the territory, considering the effects caused by political power on the space. For this reason, among their interests are the internal organization of each State and the territorial conflicts that occur between different countries.
The Condition, in short, it is the entity that regulates the use of geographic space by people. Political geography can focus on different levels of analysis, since state control can be carried out in a local or regional, national and international dimension. It is the State that acts as a mediator between the forces in conflict and can promote the disintegration or cohesion of a territory.
In the same way, we have to establish that this term is widely used within the field of education. Thus, for example, when students study in their school or institute what the map of political geography of Spain is, what they do is learn both the autonomous communities that comprise it and the capitals of those as well as the most significant provinces and cities.
It is important to know that political geography is sometimes confused with geopolitics. However, they are different things. Thus, the first understands the State as a static entity, the second perceives it as a dynamic entity, hence it studies in depth from its birth to its growth through the dynamics it possesses and even the evolution it is having.