What do historical figures like Ludwig van Beethoven, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Y Frederic Chopin? That all three were great composers and performers of works for piano. The term, which comes from the Italian pianoforte, refers to a instrument used to create and play music from a keyboard that drives strings.
When the Pianist (the person playing the piano) presses a key, the internal mechanism of the instrument causes it to strike a certain string, producing the sound. Thanks to pedals piano, you can even modify the characteristics of the sound.
Grand pianos usually have three pedals. The first of them is called unicordio, light blue or a string, and is located on the left. His function It consists of moving the hammers to one side so that, according to the adjustment you have received, they strike in the part of the felt where they do not usually do so and in two of the three strings.
The sound resulting from using the unicordium is more reduced in terms of attack; in addition, the string that is not struck emits vibrations out of sympathy, which modifies the timbre, causing it to change its color and that the note lasts longer, is sweeter and more uniform than usual.
The middle pedal of the piano is known as sustainable, central or tonal and is used to produce the effect called pedal note, which sustains a note or chord longer than normal. To achieve this effect, you must press the note (s) and only then press the pedal; then the keys can be released, as your notes will continue to sound. It should be noted that the sound of the pedal note is not altered by those that are played next, unlike what happens with the damper pedal.
The third pedal, located on the right, is the from resonance, and when depressed it is responsible for releasing the dampers of the strings, which makes the notes continue sounding when the keys are no longer pressed. This adds a large number of harmonics, thanks to the sympathetic vibration of other strings, and thus increases the volume of the sound. Using the damper pedal allows you to mix chords, harmonies, and notes, but it can also result in subtle phrasing and expressiveness effects.
Unlike the sostenuto pedal, the resonance pedal adds the notes that are played to those that have been affected by its action, and for that reason it requires a deep knowledge music to avoid a wrong or unpleasant combination of sounds. It is, on the other hand, the pedal that is used the most.
The piano is said to have been invented by Bartolomeo Cristofori at the beginning of century XVIII, having as a background closer to instruments such as the clavichord and the zither. With the weather different types of pianos were developed, among which are the wall piano and the Grand piano.
To tune a piano, it is necessary to analyze and, if necessary, modify the tension of each string. The vibration of the strings must be specified in a precise frequency, guaranteeing the purity of the sound.
You can use the piano in various genres of music. What we know today as classical music, with his symphonies and operas, usually gives him a great importance at the piano. The jazz and the symphonic rock they also give a prominent role to this instrument.
Since piano, in Italian, means “gentle” or “slow”, in our idiom the expression is usually used piano piano to refer to something that must be done step by step or calmly. For example: “Do not hurry: advance piano piano, surely, and things will work out for you”.